Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2014 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Saturday, 22 November 2014

9,000-Year-Old Bison Mummy Found in Siberia

9,000-Year-Old Bison Mummy Found in Siberia

9,000-Year-Old Bison Mummy Found Frozen in Time
by Elizabeth Palermo, Live Sceince, November 06, 2014
http://www.livescience.com/48653-bison-mummy-brains-organs.html

Photos: 9,000-Year-Old Bison Mummy Found in Siberia
by Elizabeth Palermo, Live Science, November 06, 2014
http://www.livescience.com/48645-bison-mummy-photos.html

Complete 9,000 Year-Old Frozen Bison Found in Siberia
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Novmber 2914
http://vertpaleo.org/The-Society/SVP---Paleo-News/Society-News-and-Events/Press-Release---Complete-9000-Year-Old-Frozen-Biso.aspx

Complete 9,000-year-old frozen bison mummy found
in Siberia, Science Daily, November 6, 2014
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/11/141106113257.htm

Another recent bison fossil in Bison Bob in Alaska.

Rare Bison Discovered in Alaskan Permafrost
by Larry O'Hanlon, Discovery News, Nov. 5, 2014
http://news.discovery.com/adventure/rare-bison-discovered-in-alaskan-permafrost-130205.htm

Bison Bob a big discovery on the North Slope by Ned Rozell
Article #2152, Alaska Science Forum, January 24, 2013
http://www.gi.alaska.edu/AlaskaScienceForum/article/bison-bob-big-discovery-north-slope

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Glass Beach, MacKerricher State Park, Fort Bragg, California

Glass Beach, MacKerricher State Park, Fort Bragg, California

Amazing Glass Beach,MacKerricher State Park,
Fort Bragg, California, http://geekstroke.com/miscellaneous/amazing-glass-beach/

Fort Bragg Glass Beach, California Sea Glass
http://www.odysseyseaglass.com/fort-bragg-glass-beach.html

Glass Beach (Fort Bragg, California)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glass_Beach_

(Fort_Bragg,_California)

Yours,
Paul H.

Monday, 17 November 2014

Scientists Descend Into Siberia's Mystery Crater

Scientists Descend Into Siberia's Mystery Crater

Pictures: Explorers Descend Into Siberia's Mystery
Crater, National Geographic, November 14, 2104
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/11/pictures/141114-siberian-hole-cave-yamal-peninsula-science/

Descending into the depths of Siberia's mystery
crater: Experts explore 98ft-wide hole to learn
more about its origins. Mail Online, Nov. 12, 2104
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2831238/Descending-depths-Siberia-s-mystery-crater-Experts-explore-98ft-wide-hole-learn-origins.html

Russian research team explores giant Siberian
sinkhole, The Guardian, November 12, 2014
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/12/research-climb-giant-siberian-sinkhole

Yours,

Paul H.

Diamonds Found in Sutter’s Mill Meteorite

Diamonds Found in Sutter’s Mill Meteorite

Diamonds found in meteorite that fell in Sierra
Gold Country (California) SFGate,Nov. 10, 2014
http://www.sfgate.com/science/article/Diamonds-found-in-meteorite-that-fell-in-Sierra-5884457.php

Diamonds Found In El Dorado County Meteorite
CBS, Scaremento, California, Nov. 14, 2014
http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2014/11/14/diamonds-found-in-el-dorado-county-meteorite/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 15 November 2014

Meteorite Bears Evidence of Early Solar System Magnetic Fields

Meteorite Bears Evidence of Early Solar System Magnetic Fields

Meteorite Bears Evidence of Magnetic Fields in Early Solar System (New research shows
that magnetic fields played a role in the solar system's formation) by Charles Q. Choi, Inside
Science News Service, Scientific American
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/meteorite-bears-evidence-of-magnetic-fields-in-early-solar-system/

Magnetic fields frozen into meteorite grains tell a shocking tale of solar system birth
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/11/141113142110.htm
https://asunews.asu.edu/20141113-magnetic-fields

The paper is:
Fu, R. R., B. P. Weiss, E. A. Lima, R. J.
Harrison, X.-N Bai, S. J. Desch, D. S. Ebel,
C. Suavet, H. Wang, D. Glenn, D. Le Sage,
T. Kasama, R. L. Walsworth, and A. T. Kuan,
2014, Solar nebula magnetic fields recorded
in the Semarkona meteorite. Science, 13
November 2014 DOI: 10.1126/science.1258022
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2014/11/12/science.1258022

Yours,

Paul H

Thursday, 13 November 2014

Open Access Paper About Sudbury Impact (Ontario, Canada)

Open Access Paper About Sudbury Impact (Ontario, Canada)

Petrus, J. A., D. E. Ames, and B. S. Kamber, 2014, On
the track of the elusive sudbury impact: geochemical
evidence for a chondrite or comet bolide. Terra Nova.
DOI: 10.1111/ter.12125. Accepted Article
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ter.12125/abstract
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ter.12125/pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Plant Fossil Record Reflects Just Two Great Extinction Events – Open Access

Plant Fossil Record Reflects Just Two Great Extinction Events – Open Access

Cascales-Miñana, B., and C. J. Cleal, 2014, The
plant fossil record reflects just two great extinction
events. Terra Nova. vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 195–200.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ter.12086/full
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ter.12086/pdf

"Here we show that the plant fossil record in fact only
provides evidence of two mass taxonomic extinction
events, one through the Carboniferous-Permian
transition, the other during middle-late Permian times."

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 6 November 2014

Crater Hunters Find New Clues to Ancient Impact Storm

Crater Hunters Find New Clues to Ancient Impact Storm

Crater Hunters Find New Clues to Ancient Impact Storm
by Becky Oskin, Live Science, October 31, 2014
http://www.livescience.com/48565-meteor-crater-hunters-ordovician-impacts.html
http://news.discovery.com/space/asteroids-meteors-meteorites/crater-hunters-find-new-clues-to-ancient-impact-storm-141103.htm

The paper is:

Ormo, J., E. Sturkell, C. Alwmark, and J. Melosh, 2014,
First known Terrestrial Impact of a Binary Asteroid from
a Main Belt Breakup Event. Scientific Reports no. 4,
Article number 6724. Published online October 23, 2014
http://www.nature.com/srep/2014/141023/srep06724/full/srep06724.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 2 November 2014

Meteorite Man to be at TusCon, Tucson, Arizona

Meteorite Man to be at TusCon, Tucson, Arizona

Meteorite Man' touches down at TusCon
convention, Arizona Daily Star, Oc.t 29, 2014
http://tucson.com/entertainment/meteorite-man-touches-down-at-tuscon-convention/article_b5df1cf8-2f82-57c5-af59-b4f8fe7f5cd4.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Chinese Meteorite Market Article

Chinese Meteorite Market Article

Chinese rich pay sky-high prices for
meteorites, The Daily Star, Oct. 30, 2014
http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Life/SciandTech/2014/Oct-31/275964-burning-passion-chinese-rich-pay-sky-high-prices-for-meteorites.ashx

Rich pay sky-high prices for meteorites
Chinadaily, USA, Oct. 30, 2014
http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2014-10/31/content_18833170.htm

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 30 October 2014

Free Online Publications About Oldest Putative (Circa 3.4 Ga) Stromatolites

Free Online Publications About Oldest Putative (Circa 3.4 Ga) Stromatolites

Beautifully illustrated publications about the
Strelley Pool Formation and Apex Chert and the
putative oldest Precambrian (3.4 Ga) stromatolites
that they contain are available for free online as
PDF files. These publications are well-illustrated
with color figures, maps, and pictures.

Brasier, M. D., O. R. Green, J. F. Lindsay, N.
McLoughlin, C. A. Stoakes, A. T. Brasier, and D.
Wacey, 2011, Geology and putative microfossil
assemblage of the c. 3460 Ma Apex Chert,
China Creek, Western Australia : a field
and petrographic guide. Record no. 2011/7,
Geological Survey of Western Australia.
http://www.academia.edu/707534/Geology_and_putative_Microfossil_Assemblage_of_the_3460Ma_Apex_Chert_Western_Australia_-_a_Field_and_Petrographic_Guide

PDF file also found using “Apex Chert” in search
page at: http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/GSWApublications

Wacey, D., N. McLoughlin, C. Stoakes, M. R. Kilbrun
O. R. Green, and M. D. Brasier, 2010, The 3426-3350
Ma Strelley Pool Formation in the East Strelley
Greenstone Belt: a field and petrographic guide. Record
no. 2010/10, Geological Survey of Western Australia.,
Perth, Australia. 64 pp.
http://www.academia.edu/436814/The_3426-3350_Ma_Strelley_Pool_Formation_in_the_East_Strelley_Greenstone_Belt_-_A_Field_and_Petrographic_Guide

PDF file found using “Strelley Pool” in search page at:
http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/GSWApublications

Hickman, A. H., 2008, Regional Review of the 3426-
3350 Ma Strelley Pool Formation, Pilbara Craton, Western
Australia. Record no. 2008/05, Geological Survey of
Western Australia, Perth, Australia. 27 pp.

PDF file found using “Strelley Pool” in search page at:
http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/GSWApublications

Allwood, A., 2007, Stratigraphy and facies of the 3.43
Ga Strelley Pool Chert. Record no. 2008/05, Geological
Survey of Western Australia. Record no. 2007/11,
Geological Survey of Western Australia. Perth, Australia.
27 pp.

PDF file found using “Strelley Pool” in search page at:
http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/GSWApublications

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 26 October 2014

"The Cloud" - Great Ted Talk About Being A Scientist

"The Cloud" - Great Ted Talk About Being A Scientist

This is a great Ted Talk that speaks to a part
of conducting science that scientists do not
normally talk about to the lay public

Uri Alon, 2013, Why truly innovative science
demands a leap into the unknown
TEDGlobal 2013, Film 2013.
https://www.ted.com/talks/uri_alon_why_truly_innovative_science_demands_a_leap_into_the_unknown?language=en

There is a web page with materials that give
advice about being a scientist. It is:

Materials for Naturing Young Scientists,
Uri Alon Lab, at:
http://wws.weizmann.ac.il/mcb/UriAlon/index.php?q=materials-nurturing-scientists

It has papers about choosing research topics,
how not to a seminar, and so forth.

For an unrelated story about misadventures
in the peer-review process, go see;

When @#%$! is your imaginary co-author,
Sifter Science News, AAAS
http://news.sciencemag.org/sifter/2014/10/when-is-your-imaginary-co-author?

The true story of Stronzo Bestiale (and other
scientific jokes) by vito tartamella, Parolacce,
Oct. 5, 2014
http://www.parolacce.org/2014/10/05/the-true-story-of-stronzo-bestiale/

Yours

Paul H.

Basaltic Sedimentary Rocks, Gale Crater, Mars

Basaltic Sedimentary Rocks, Gale Crater, Mars

GSA 2014: The puzzle of Gale crater's basaltic
sedimentary rocks by Emily Lakdawalla, The
Planetary Society, October 24, 2014,
http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2014/10231731-gsa-2014-the-puzzle-of-gale.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Free Geologic Time Scale Creator

Free Geologic Time Scale Creator

TimeScale Creator
by Katelyn Verner and Rebecca Bobick,Purdue University

https://engineering.purdue.edu/Stratigraphy/tscreator/index/index.php

According to the web page:

“TimeScale Creator, a free JAVA package, enables
you to explore and create charts of any portion of
the geologic time scale from an extensive suite of
global and regional events in Earth History. The
internal database suite encompasses over 20,000
biologic, geomagnetic, sea-level, stable isotope,
and other events – details are given on the
BUILT-IN DATA page. All ages in TSCreator
version 5.4 are currently standardized to Geologic
Time Scale 2004, and to the Concise Geologic
Time Scale, 2008 compilation. The age model
for TSCreator version 6.3 is from "The Geologic
Time Scale 2012" by F.M. Gradstein, J.G. Ogg,
M.D. Schmitz and G.M. Ogg (Elsevier, 2012).”

Webinars about the TimeScale Creator and other
uses of computers in paleontology and geology
can bed found in "C4P Webinars" at
http://workspace.earthcube.org/c4p/content/c4p-webinars

A related web page is the “Collaboration and
Cyberinfrastructure for Paleogeosciences’ web page at
http://workspace.earthcube.org/c4p .

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 24 October 2014

Was There a Sixth Prehistoric Mass Extinction?

Was There a Sixth Prehistoric Mass Extinction?

'Missing' disaster led to all-time worst extinction
by Jeff Hecht, Newc Scientist, October 23, 2014
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429922.300-missing-disaster-led-to-alltime-worst-extinction.html

Have we missed a mass extinction? Extra catastrophic
event may have occurred 8 million years before the
‘Great Dying’, claim experts by Ellie Zolfgharifard,
Daily Mail, Oct. 23, 2014
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2805194/Have-missed-mass-extinction-Extra-catastrophic-event-occurred-8-million-years-Great-Dying-claim-experts.html

The talk is:

Bond, D. P. G., Wignall, P. B., M. M. Joachimski,
and others, 2014, Catastrophic Middle Permian
Extinction and Extraordinary Recovery in High
Latitudes. Geological Society of America Abstracts
with Programs. vol. 46, no. 6, p.170,
https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2014AM/webprogram/Paper241677.html
https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2014AM/webprogram/Session35273.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 20 October 2014

The"Great Unconformity" And Other Essays About Rocks and Fossils

The"Great Unconformity" And Other Essays About Rocks and Fossils

There is a great blog called "Written in Stone,
which has a number of great and well-illustrated
essays about geology. This includes a series
about the "Great Unconformity."

The Great Unconformity of the Grand Canyon
and the Late Proterozoic-Cambrian Time Interval:
Part I - Defining It
http://written-in-stone-seen-through-my-lens.blogspot.com/2012/01/great-unconformity-of-grand-canyon-part.html

The Great Unconformity and the Late Proterozoic-
Cambrian Time Interval: Part II - The Rifting of
Rodinia and the "Snowball Earth" Glaciations
That Followed
http://written-in-stone-seen-through-my-lens.blogspot.com/2012/02/great-unconformity-of-grand-canyon-part.html

The Great Unconformity at Baker's Bridge:
Part III - Regional Geological and Global
Bio-Evolutionary Significance
http://written-in-stone-seen-through-my-lens.blogspot.com/search/label/Great%20Unconformity

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 15 October 2014

Megathrust Earthquakes (NW US) and largest Volcano On Earth - Interesting Online Talks

Megathrust Earthquakes (NW US) and largest Volcano On Earth - Interesting Online Talks

Magnitude 9 - How We Learned that the Largest
Earthquakes on Earth Happen in BC, Deep Time,
Global Change and YOU lecture series,
February 27, 2014 - Simon Fraser University
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KD0BRSST_8U

A paper that supplements this lecture is:

Atwater B. F., M.-R. Satoko, S. Kenji, T.
Yoshinobu, u. Kazue, and D. K. Yamaguchi
2005, The Orphan Tsunami of 1700—Japanese
Clues to a Parent Earthquake in North America.
Professional Paper no. 1707, U.S. Geological
Survey, Reston, Virginia.

PDF file at http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/pp1707/ and
http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/pp1707/pp1707.pdf

Another lecture from the same university that
I found interesting, but on another topic is:

Cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin and Beyond,
Simon Fraser University
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WX6aGp3wGlw

and an interesting and informative lecture from the
Houston Geological Society is:

The Largest Volcano in the World-Mid Pacific Ocean
William Sager, HGSGeoEducation
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bhUEYNNr1Y

Yours

Paul H.

Saturday, 11 October 2014

The Fine Art of Reconstructing Prehistoric Animals

The Fine Art of Reconstructing Prehistoric Animals

Below are some articles about the realities, fantasies,
preconceptions, and pitfalls involved with the
reconstruction of prehistoric vertebrates from their
fossils.

Patterns in Palaeontology: Palaeoart – fossil fantasies
or recreating lost reality? by Mark P. Witton Paleontology
Online, http://www.palaeontologyonline.com/articles/2014/patterns-palaeontology-palaeoart-fossil-fantasies-recreating-lost-reality/
and http://www.palaeontologyonline.com/articles/category/patterns-in-palaeontology/

The accuracy of palaeoart and the 'new' Spinosaurus
by Mark P. Witton, September 1, 2014, Witton’s Blog
http://markwitton-com.blogspot.com/2014/09/the-accuracy-of-palaeoart-and-new.html

The changing life appearance of dinosaurs by
Darren Naish, Scientific American, September 1, 2014
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/2014/09/01/changing-life-appearance-of-dinosaurs/?print=true

Paul H.

Friday, 10 October 2014

New Paper About Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis

New Paper About Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis

Holliday, V. T., T. Surovell, D. J. Meltzer, D. K. Grayson,
and M. Boslough, 2014, The Younger Dryas impact
hypothesis: a cosmic catastrophe. Journal of Quaternary
Science. vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 515–530, August 2014

Abstract at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jqs.2724/full

PDF file athttp://www.geo.arizona.edu/sites/www.geo.arizona.edu/files/pictures/JQS2014--Holliday%20et%20al.%20FULL.pdf

A couple of recent abstracts about the Corossol Crater,
which is mentioned in the above paper are:

Higgins, M. D., P. Lajeunesse, G. St-Onge, R. Sanfacon, and
M. Duchesne, 2013, Impact Breccia Clast from the Corossol
Crater, Canada. 76th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting.
Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5190
http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2013/pdf/5190.pdf

Higgins, M. D., P. Lajeunesse, G. St-Onge, J. Locat,
R. Sanfacon, and M.J. Duchesne, 2014, The Submarine
4-km diameter Corossol Crater, Eastern Canada: Evidence
for an impact origin.''] Geophysical Research Abstracts.
vol. 16, p. EGU2014-4190.
http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2014/EGU2014-4190.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 6 October 2014

Lecture About Organic Rich Mudstones (Including Their Paleontology)

Lecture About Organic Rich Mudstones (Including Their Paleontology)

There is a wonderful, although long, lecture about
organic rich mudstones that can be viewed online.
It is “Organic Rich Mudstones-Questions” at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9GVdJAmf7FU

Although it aimed toward oil and gas exploration,
he does discuss the paleontology and taphonomy
of organic rich mudstone (“back shales”) in some
detail. What he has to say about the paleontology and
taphonomy of these rocks is quite interesting.

This lecture is just one of number of lectures that
the Houston Geological Society has online at
http://www.hgs.org/multimedia_Education

I also found interesting is “The Largest Volcano in
the World-Mid Pacific Ocean” by William Sager at:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bhUEYNNr1Y

Yours,

Paul H.