Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2018 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Saturday, 9 June 2018

Public wants NASA to Monitor Asteroids/objects that Could hit the Earth

Public wants NASA to Monitor Asteroids/objects that Could hit the Earth

NASA’s priorities appear to be out of whack with what the public wants
"The public thinks that we should have a space program that saves Earth."
https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/06/nasas-priorities-appear-to-be-out-of-whack-with-what-the-public-wants/

One of the highest public support for NASA priorities is:
"..."monitor asteroids/objects that could hit the Earth" (62 percent)."
Majority of Americans Believe It Is Essential That the U.S. Remain
a Global Leader in Space Despite the increasing role of private
companies in space exploration, most believe NASA’s role is still
vital for future, Pew Research Center, June 6, 2018
http://www.pewinternet.org/2018/06/06/majority-of-americans-believe-it-is-essential-that-the-u-s-remain-a-global-leader-in-space/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 2 June 2018

Aliens Are Real, But Humans Will Probably Kill Them All

Aliens Are Real, But Humans Will Probably Kill Them All

Yet another paper about extraterrestrial intelligence and
the Fermi paradox. It is interesting to see that the lack of
solid evidence does not inhibit writing about a subject.

Aliens Are Real, But Humans Will Probably Kill Them All, New Paper Says
By Brandon Specktor, Live Science, June 1, 2018
https://www.livescience.com/62715-first-in-last-out-fermi-paradox-answer.html


"First in, last out" solution to the Fermi Paradox Alexander Berezin
(Submitted on 20 Mar 2018 (v1), last revised 27 Mar 2018 (this version, v2)
https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.08425

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1803.08425.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Beware of Predatory Journals

Beware of Predatory Journals

I get two to four invitations a month from such dodgy journals.
They are titled as to either mimic real scientific journals or sound
like legitimate publications.

Thirteen ways to spot a ‘predatory journal’ (and why we
shouldn’t call them that) Larissa Shamseer and David
Moher have taken a close look at what it is that sets
dodgy journals apart from the rest, March 27, 2017
https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/thirteen-ways-to-spot-a-predatory-journal-and-why-we-shouldnt-call-them-that

Rise in 'predatory publishers' has sparked a warning for
scientists and researchers By Chris McLoughlin, ABC News,
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-13/rise-in-predatory-publishers-sparks-warning-for-researchers/9640950

Allen, M., 2018. Beware the Predatory Journal: It’s Not Just Fieldwork
That is Dangerous. SAA Archaeological Record. 18(3) pp. 6-9.
http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/Publications/thesaaarchrec/SAA_Record_May_2018%20FINAL%20WEB%205.10.18.pdf
http://onlinedigeditions.com/publication/?i=496953&view=contentsBrowser#{"issue_id":496953,"view":"contentsBrowser"}

Johal, J., Ward, R., Gielecki, J., Walocha, J., Natsis, K., Tubbs, R.S. and
Loukas, M., 2017. Beware of the predatory science journal: a potential
threat to the integrity of medical research. Clinical Anatomy. 30(6)
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316992936_Beware_of_the_Predatory_Science_Journal_A_Potential_Threat_to_the_Integrity_of_Medical_Research

Beware! Academics are getting reeled in by scam journals
The number of predatory publishers is skyrocketing – and they’re
eager to pounce on unsuspecting scholars.
By Alex Gillis, University Affairs, January 17, 2017
https://www.universityaffairs.ca/features/feature-article/beware-academics-getting-reeled-scam-journals/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 26 May 2018

Martian meteorite clarifies origin of Martian geomorphology

Martian meteorite clarifies origin of Martian geomorphology

Ancient meteorite tells tales of Mars topography
by Anne M Stark, Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory, May 24, 2018
https://phys.org/news/2018-05-ancient-meteorite-tales-mars-topography.html

'Black Beauty' Meteorite Study Reveals the Secrets
of Mars' Strange Topography by Andrew LaSane,
Outer Places, May 24, 2018
https://www.outerplaces.com/science/item/18499-black-beauty-meteorite-mars


The open access paper is:

William S. Cassata, Benjamin E. Cohen, Darren F. Mark,
Reto Trappitsch, Carolyn A. Crow, and others, 2018,
Science Advances 23 May 2018: Vol. 4, no. 5, eaap8306
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aap8306
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/5/eaap8306

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 25 May 2018

Ground-Dwelling Birds Survived End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction

Ground-Dwelling Birds Survived End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction

When the dinosaurs died, so did forests -- and tree-dwelling birds
Chicago Field Museum, May 24, 2018
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180524141736.htm

http://www.hastingstribune.com/asteroid-that-wiped-out-the-dinosaurs-also-shaped-the-evolution/article_001faecc-7f3f-588c-b23d-535d0d2b057b.html

The abstract of the paper is at:

Daniel J. Field, Antoine Bercovici, Jacob S. Berv, Regan Dunn,
David E. Fastovsky, Tyler R. Lyson, Vivi Vajda, and Jacques A.
Gauthier, 2018, Early Evolution of Modern Birds Structured
by Global Forest Collapse at the End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction.
Current Biology, 2018; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.04.062
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982218305347?via%3Dihub


Related articles are:

Asteroid Impact That Wiped Out The Dinosaurs
Also Caused Abrupt Global Warming, All Things Considered
https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/24/614105843/asteroid-impact-that-wipedout-the-dinosaurs-also-caused-abrupt-global-warming

Humanity's greatest challenge to save the world from catastrophic
asteroid impacts, By Megan Palin New Zealand Herald,
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=12041405

Yours,

Paul H.

"The past is never dead. It's not even past."
William Faulkner, Act 1, Scene III, Requiem for a Nun (1951)

Wednesday, 23 May 2018

OT - Watch Live as Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupts lava

OT - Watch Live as Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupts lava

Although this is off-topic, I found it quite fascinating.
CBC - Watch Live as Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupts lava
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvS20fqTu34

Live Video: Kilauea Lava Flow Activity In Lower Puna Hawaii
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtihmXFWqGo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFZ3OPnXm9o

CNN
https://www.cnn.com/specials/live-video-1

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 18 May 2018

Online Sudbury Impact Structure Publications

Online Sudbury Impact Structure Publications

A couple of publications about the Sudbury
Impact Structure that I found online are:

Anders, Denise, 2016, "The Sudbury Impact Structure -
New Insights Into the Origin and Emplacement
of the Basal Onaping Intrusion and the Parkin,
Trill and Foy Offset Dykes of the North Range"
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation
Repository. 4223. https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4223

Davidson, A., 1997. New developments in Grenville
Front Geology, Sudbury area, Ontario. Institute on
Lake Superior Geology, Field Trip Guidebook, 43 (part 3).
Geological Survey of Canada contribution no. 1997031
http://flash.lakeheadu.ca/~pnhollin/ILSGVolumes/ILSG_43_1997_pt3_Sudbury.CV.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 6 May 2018

Mercury's Crust Argued to be Thin

Mercury's Crust Argued to be Thin

Mercury's thin, dense crust. Mercury's crust is thinner than
anyone thought, new mathematical calculations reveal
University of Arizona, Science Daily, April 27, 2018
https://uanews.arizona.edu/story/new-estimates-mercurys-thin-dense-crust

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180427100306.htm

Sori, M.M., 2018. A thin, dense crust for Mercury.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 489, pp.92-99.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X18300955

Conclusions:

1. Topography on Mercury is not primarily compensated by Pratt isostasy.

2. Mercury's average crustal thickness is 26 ± 11 km, thinner than all
previous estimates.

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 1 May 2018

Good News - Just Need To Worry About Asteroid and Comet Impacts

Good News - Just Need To Worry About Asteroid and Comet Impacts

Looks like we need to worry only about comets and asteroids. :-)

Earth's magnetic field is not about to reverse and
trigger global catastrophe. The Independent
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/earth-magnetic-field-flip-poles-why-not-facts-weak-a8329921.html

Earth's magnetic field is not about to reverse, study finds
Phys_Org, April 30, 2018
https://phys.org/news/2018-04-earth-magnetic-field-reverse.html

The paper is:

Maxwell Brown, Monika Korte, Richard Holme, Ingo
Wardinski and Sydney Gunnarson, 2018, Earth’s
magnetic field is probably not reversing.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
April 30, 2018. 201722110; published ahead of print April 30, 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1722110115

http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/04/24/1722110115

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 23 April 2018

Diamonds from Meteorite Might Have Formed Inside a Long-lost Planet

Diamonds from Meteorite Might Have Formed Inside a Long-lost Planet

These diamonds from space formed inside a long-lost planet,
scientists say. By Sarah Kaplan, Washington Post, April 17, 2018

The open access paper is:

Farhang Nabiei, James Badro, Teresa Dennenwaldt, Emad Oveisi,
Marco Cantoni, Cécile Hébert, Ahmed El Goresy, Jean-Alix Barrat,
and Philippe Gillet, 2018, A large planetary body inferred from
diamond inclusions in a ureilite meteorite Nature Communications
volume 9, Article number: 1327 (2018) doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03808-6

Supplementary Information at:

The reviewer's comments from peer-review are included.
It is chance to see how scientists conduct peer-review.

Reviewers comments at:

Yours,

Paul H.

Myths and Realities of Bayesian Chronological Modeling


Hamilton, W. D. and Krus, A. M. (2017) The myths
and realities of Bayesian chronological modeling
revealed. American Antiquity, (doi:10.1017/aaq.2017.57)

Paper (PDF):

Abstract:

Erratum:

Yours,

Paul H.

SETI, The Silurian Hypothesis, and Defining the Anthropocene

SETI, The Silurian Hypothesis, and Defining the Anthropocene

Was There a Civilization On Earth Before Humans? Adam Frank, The Atlantic, April 13, 2018
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/04/are-we-earths-only-civilization/557180/

Schmidt, G.A. and Frank, A., 2018. The Silurian hypothesis: would it be possible to detect an industrial civilization in the geological record? International Journal of Astrobiology, pp. 1-9.
https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.03748

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-astrobiology/article/silurian-hypothesis-would-it-be-possible-to-detect-an-industrial-civilization-in-the-geological-record/77818514AA6907750B8F4339F7C70EC6

There are two very good books that discuss what a technological civilization, ours, would leave behind in the archaeological – geological record.

They are;

Weisman, A., 2008. The world without us. Macmillan.
0312427905, 9780312427900

and

Zalasiewicz, J. and Freedman, K., 2009. The Earth after us: what legacy will humans leave in the rocks?.
Oxford University Press. 0199214980, 9780199214983

Dr. Zalasiewicz has written a papers about the Anthropocene and the signature and traces that would survive in the geologic record. Examples are:

Zalasiewicz, J., Waters, C.N. and Williams, M., 2014.Human bioturbation, and the subterranean landscape of the Anthropocene. Anthropocene, 6, pp. 3-9.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264241410_Human_bioturbation_and_the_subterranean_landscape_of_the_Anthropocene

and

Zalasiewicz, J., Williams, M., Waters, C.N., Barnosky, A.D. and Haff, P., 2014. The technofossil record of humans. The Anthropocene Review, 1(1), pp. 34-43.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264461538_The_technofossil_record_of_humans

Related papers can be found at:

Jan Zalasiewicz, University of Leicester, Department of Geology,
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jan_Zalasiewicz

Yours,

Paul H.

"The past is never dead. It's not even past."
William Faulkner, Act 1, Scene III, Requiem for a Nun (1951)

Tuesday, 10 April 2018

Oldest magnetic record in the solar system discovered in a meteorite

Oldest magnetic record in the solar system discovered in a meteorite

Oldest magnetic record in the solar system discovered in a meteorite by Lisa Zyga, Phys.org, April 5, 2018
https://phys.org/news/2018-04-oldest-magnetic-solar-meteorite.html

http://www.nhm.ac.uk/discover/news/2018/march/meteorite-reveals-the-oldest-magnets-in-the-solar-system.html

The paper is:

Shah, J., Williams, W., Almeida, T.P., Nagy, L., Muxworthy, A.R., Kovács, A., Valdez-Grijalva, M.A., Fabian, K., Russell, S.S., Genge, M.J. and Dunin-Borkowski, R.E., 2018. The oldest magnetic record in our solar system identified using nanometric imaging and numerical modeling. Nature communications, 9(1), p. 1173.

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 27 March 2018

Fossil Micrometeorites Suggest Cosmic Dust is Common in the Geological Record

Fossil Micrometeorites Suggest Cosmic Dust is Common in the Geological Record

Suttle, M.D. and Genge, M.J., 2017. Diagenetically altered fossil
micrometeorites suggest cosmic dust is common the geological
record. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 476, pp.132-142.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X17304399

"We report the discovery of fossil micrometeorites from Late
Cretaceous chalk." (Seaford Chalk Formation, United Kingdom)

"However, this study demonstrates that fossil, pseudomorphic
micrometeorites can be recognized and are likely common within
the geological record."

It also appears that micrometeorites and cosmic spherules of
various ages are common in Antarctic surficial and glacial deposits.

Genge, M.J., Davies, B., Suttle, M.D., van Ginneken, M. and Tomkins,
A.G., 2017. The mineralogy and petrology of I-type cosmic spherules:
Implications for their sources, origins and identification in sedimentary
rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 218, pp. 167-200.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703717305495

Van Ginneken, M., Genge, M.J., Folco, L. and Harvey, R.P., 2016.
The weathering of micrometeorites from the Transantarctic
Mountains. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 179, pp. 1-31.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703716300011
https://spiral.imperial.ac.uk/bitstream/10044/1/29482/9/1-s2.0-S0016703716300011-main.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/293017461_The_weathering_of_micrometeorites_from_the_Transantarctic_Mountains
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Matthias_Van_Ginneken2

Although off-topic, the below is an interesting paper that is
currently open access.

T. C. Chamberlin, "Studies for Students:
The Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses,"
The Journal of Geology 5, no. 8
(Nov. - Dec., 1897): 837-848.
https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/607980

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 26 March 2018

New Type of Highly-vaporized Microtektite from the Transantartic, Mountains, Antartica

New Type of Highly-vaporized Microtektite from the Transantartic, Mountains, Antartic

Van Ginneken, M., Genge, M.J. and Harvey, R.P., 2018. A new type of highly-vaporized microtektite from the Transantarctic Mountains. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. Volume 228, Pages 81–94.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703718301236

https://cosmochemistry-papers.com/2018/03/07/a-new-type-of-highly-vaporized-microtektite-from-the-transantarctic-mountains/

Older papers:

Folco, L., Bigazzi, G., D’Orazio, M. and Balestrieri, M.L., 2011.
Fission track age of Transantarctic Mountain microtektites.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(9), pp. 2356-2360.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703711000937

Folco, L., D'Orazio, M., Gemelli, M. and Rochette, P., 2016. Stretching out the Australasian microtektite strewn field in Victoria Land Transantarctic Mountains. Polar Science, 10(2), pp. 147-159.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187396521630007X

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297590920_Stretching_out_the_Australasian_microtektite_strewn_field_in_Victoria_Land_Transantarctic_Mountains

Folco, L., Glass, B.P., D'Orazio, M. and Rochette, P., 2010. A common volatilization trend in Transantarctic Mountain and Australasian microtektites: Implications for their formation model and parent crater location. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 293(1-2), pp. 135-139.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/221954274_A_common_volatilization_trend_in_Transantarctic_Mountain_and_Australasian_microtektites_Implications_for_their_formation_model_and_parent_crater_location

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pierre_Rochette



Folco, L., D’Orazio, M., Tiepolo, M., Tonarini, S., Ottolini, L.,

Perchiazzi, N., Rochette, P. and Glass, B.P., 2009. Transantarctic Mountain microtektites: Geochemical affinity with Australasian microtektites.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(12), pp. 3694-3722.
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Natale_Perchiazzi/publication/233851590_Microtektites_from_Victoria_Land_Transantarctic_Mountains/links/543e818c0cf2eaec07e64578/Microtektites-from-Victoria-Land-Transantarctic-Mountains.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Natale_Perchiazzi

https://www.academia.edu/6351169/Transantarctic_Mountain_microtektites

van Ginneken, M., Suavet, C., Cordier, C., Folco, L., Rochette, P., Sonzogni, C. and Perchiazzi, N., 2012. Oxygen isotope composition of meteoritic ablation debris from the Transantarctic Mountains: Constraining the parent body and implications for the impact scenario. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 47(11), pp.1738-1747.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235779783_Oxygen_isotope_composition_of_meteoritic_ablation_debris_from_the_Transantarctic_Mountains_Constraining_the_parent_body_and_implications_for_the_impact_scenario

Yours,

Paul H.




Friday, 23 March 2018

Small meteorite stolen from Science Museum of Virginia

Small meteorite stolen from Science Museum of Virginia
Associated Press, WHSV, March 19, 2018
http://www.whsv.com/content/news/Small-meteorite-stolen-from-Science-Museum-of-Virginia-477276443.html

Police investigating after meteorite stolen from Science Museum of Virginia, but a major heist it was not
By Ned Oliver, Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 16, 2018
http://www.richmond.com/news/local/crime/police-investigating-after-meteorite-stolen-from-science-museum-of-virginia/article_e3e2074a-b15e-5411-9ff1-d31cc63dce28.html

Meteorite stolen from exhibit at Science Museum of Virginia
By Justin Wm. Moyer, Washington Post, March 16, 2018
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/meteorite-stolen-from-richmond-museum/2018/03/16/6f634460-2957-11e8-8478-892125e3f2ba_story.html

Science Museum of Virginia shares info about meteorites following last week’s theft
By Amy Lacey, WHSV, March 22, 2018
http://wric.com/2018/03/22/science-museum-of-virginia-shares-info-about-meteorite-stolen-last-week/

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 12 March 2018

NASA Astronomers Finding More Near-Earth Asteroids Than Expected




NASA Astronomers Finding More Near-Earth Asteroids Than Expected

What Are Asteroids? NASA Astronomers Are Finding More Near-Earth Objects Than Ever Before, Newsweek March 3, 2018
http://www.newsweek.com/what-are-asteroids-nasa-astronomers-are-finding-more-near-earth-objects-ever-828360

Asteroid tracking program adds Google Cloud and AGI as tech partners Room-Eu, The Space Journal, March 5, 2018.
https://room.eu.com/news/asteroid-tracking-program-adds-google-cloud-and-agi-as-tech-partners

Yours,

Paul H.

The "Great Expectations Syndrome" and Mass Extinctions

The "Great Expectations Syndrome" and Mass Extinctions

Below is an interesting paper about mass extinctions.

Racki, G. 2012. The Alvarez impact theory of mass extinction; limits to its applicability and the "great expectations syndrome".
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 57 (4): 681-702.

https://www.app.pan.pl/archive/published/app57/app20110058.pdf

https://www.app.pan.pl/article/item/app20110058.html

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239739714_The_Alvarez_impact_theory_of_mass_extinction_limits_to_its_applicability_and_the_great_expectations_syndrome

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Grzegorz_Racki

http://agro.icm.edu.pl/agro/element/bwmeta1.element.agro-d1182c96-9ae1-48af-858c-a2f844a3d830/c/app20110058_681.pdf

another paper is:

Racki, G., 2015. Catastrophism and neocatastrophism versus cosmic hazard: Ager versus Alvarez; Cuvier versus Laplace.
Palaios, 30(6), pp. 432-434.

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.894.7456&rep=rep1&type=pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279238673_Catastrophism_and_neocatastrophism_versus_cosmic_hazard_Ager_versus_Alvarez_Cuvier_versus_Laplace

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 6 March 2018

How to Disagree

How to Disagree

Below is an interesting article about disagreeing with people.

Graham, P., 2008, How to Disagree
http://www.paulgraham.com/disagree.html

Also, there is:

Graham's Hierarchy of Disagreement

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Graham%27s_Hierarchy_of_Disagreement.svg

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Template:Other_versions/Graham%27s_Hierarchy_of_Disagreement

Graham's hierarchy of disagreement
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Graham_(programmer)#Graham's_hierarchy_of_disagreement

Best wishes,

Paul H.