Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2014 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Monday, 26 January 2015

The Meteorite Church of the Chelyabinsk

The Meteorite Church of the Chelyabinsk

This is a strange and fascinating world that we-all live in.

Welcome to the Church of the Chelyabinsk Meteorite
astobob, September 19, 2103
http://astrobob.areavoices.com/2013/09/19/welcome-to-the-church-of-the-chelyabinsk-meteorite/

Is There Really A “Meteorite Church” In Russia? (Its
members say they are worried the sunken meteorite
is worsening the Syrian conflict.), Max Seddon, BuzzFeed
http://www.buzzfeed.com/maxseddon/is-their-really-a-meteorite-church-in-russia#.ah86rXZGk

Presuming that the Meteorite Church of the
Chelyabinsk is not a hoax and is for real, their web
page is "Церковь Челябинского Метеорита" at
https://vk.com/club55010077

A Russian article is В Челябинске построят «Церковь
Челябинского метеорита» (In Chelyabinsk to build a
"Church of the Chelyabinsk meteorite") at:
http://www.b-port.com/news/item/113416.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

Special Report About Carboniferous Trilobites of Japan (PDF file)

Special Report About Carboniferous Trilobites of Japan (PDF file)

Kobayashi, T., and T. Hamada, 1980, Carboniferous Trilobites
of Japan: In Comparison with Asian, Pacific and Other Faunas.
Special Paper no. 23, Palaeontological Society of Japan, 132 pp.
PDF file at http://www.palaeo-soc-japan.jp/download/SP/SP23.pdf

The link to this and other paleontology papers is at
"特別号(Special Papers)のダウンロード"
http://www.palaeo-soc-japan.jp/Japanese/SP-dl.html

Yours,
Paul H

Friday, 23 January 2015

Dinosaurs were Not wiped out by a global firestorm??

Dinosaurs were Not wiped out by a global firestorm??

Dinosaurs were Not wiped out by a global firestorm
Jonathan O'Callaghan, Daily Mail, January 22, 2015
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2921547/Dinosaurs-NOT-wiped-global-firestorm-Asteroid-impact-not-hot-ignite-nearby-plants-study-claims.html

Doubt cast on global firestorm generated by dino-killing
asteroid (Pioneering new research has debunked the
theory that the asteroid that is thought to have led to the
extinction of dinosaurs also caused vast global firestorms
that ravaged planet Earth.) University of Exeter.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-01/uoe-dco011915.php


Belcher, C. M., R. M. Hadden, G. Rein, J. V. Morgan,
N. Artemieva, and T. Goldin, 2015, An experimental
assessment of the ignition of forest fuels by the thermal
pulse generated by the Cretaceous–Palaeogene impact
at Chicxulub. Journal of the Geological Society, First
published on January 22, 2015, doi:10.1144/jgs2014-082
http://jgs.geoscienceworld.org/content/early/2015/01/19/jgs2014-082.abstract
http://jgs.geoscienceworld.org/content/early/2015/01/19/jgs2014-082.full.pdf+html

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 17 January 2015

Mapping the Planets—Geology Stakes Its Claim

Mapping the Planets—Geology Stakes Its Claim

McSween, H. Y., Jr., 2015, Mapping the Planets—Geology
Stakes Its Claim. GSA Today, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 4-9.
http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/25/1/article/i1052-5173-25-1-4.htm
http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/25/1/pdf/i1052-5173-25-1-4.pdf

Planetary Geologic Mapping Program
http://planetarymapping.wr.usgs.gov/

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 16 January 2015

Impact jetting as the origin of chondrules

Impact jetting as the origin of chondrules

A twist on planetary origins: Meteorites were byproducts
of planetary formation, not building blocks. Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, January 14, 2015
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150114140527.htm

New Study Suggests That Meteorites Were Not Building
Blocks Of Planets by Robin Burks, January 14, 2014
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/26573/20150114/new-study-suggests-that-meteorites-were-not-building-blocks-of-planets.htm

Meteorite material born in molten spray as embryo
planets collided, Purdue University, January 14, 2015
http://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2015/Q1/meteorite-material-born-in-molten-spray-as-embryo-planets-collided.html

The paper is:

Johnson, B. C., D. A. Minton, H. J. Melosh, and M. T.
Zuber. Impact jetting as the origin of chondrules.
Nature, 2014 DOI: 10.1038/nature14105
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v517/n7534/full/nature14105.html

yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 15 January 2015

Reidite and Shock-twinned Zircon Found in Rock Elm Impact Structure (Wisconsin)

Reidite and Shock-twinned Zircon Found in Rock Elm Impact Structure (Wisconsin)

Rare mineral found in a Wisconsin crater
by Aaron L. Gronstal, Astrobiology Magazine
http://phys.org/news/2015-01-rare-mineral-wisconsin-crater.html

Rare Mineral Discovered in Ancient Meteorite
Impact Crater, Live Science, Nov 3, 2014
http://www.livescience.com/48584-reidite-discovered-rock-elm-wisconsin.html

Wisconsin town took a big hit - and rare
mineral proves it by Andy Rathbun
TwinCitiescom, Pioneer Press, Nov 24, 2014
http://www.twincities.com/localnews/ci_26987773/wisconsin-town-took-big-hit-and-rare-mineral

Cavosie, A.J, T. M> Erickson, and N. E. Timms,
2014, Reidite and shock-twinned zircon in polymict
breccia from the Ordovician Rock Elm impact
structure, USA. Geological Society of America
Annual Meeting Abstracts with Programs, vol. 46, no. 6
https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2014AM/webprogramschedule/Paper244685.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 11 January 2015

Question - Lava

Question - Lava

On December 8, 2014 and in “Question” at
http://lists.drizzle.com/pipermail/rockhounds_lists.drizzle.com/2015-January/003270.html ,
Axel wrote,

>It is true that iron content influences viscosity of
>lava in general, isn't it? (If not, I got to get out and
>drive some to kick a volcanologist in the proverbials...) LOL
>[Axel] I was indoctrinated (hmmm) that felsic lava
>has more silica in it, which forms chains upon cooling...
>hence high viscosity. Mafic lava (more Mg and Fe)
>takes higher temperature to melt but is more liquid.
>I logically derived that if Fe and Mg exsolve from
>the mix, the partial Si content would rise resulting in
>more Si-oxide chains and higher viscosity.

There are three major controls on viscosity of lava.

They are:

1. Temperature – The higher the temperature of a
lava, the less viscous it is and easier it flows. In
some cases, this is partly a function of phenocryst
content and size, which increases the viscosity of
lava with increasing phenocryst size and content
as the lava cools. Primarily, it is because viscosity
of liquids decrease with temperature.

2. Silica content – the lower the silica content, the
lower the viscosity. This is because the silica
polymerizes and the chains increase viscosity. As a
result, Mg and Fe-rich, mafic lavas are less viscous
than silicic lava. Carbonatite lava, which consists of
sodium and potassium carbonate, of Oldoinyo
Lengai has the lowest viscosity of any terrestrial
lavas because it has than three percent silica.

3. Gas content - the greater the gas (volatile) content,
the lower the viscosity.

Typically mafic lava is extruded at higher temperatures
(circa 1100°C) than silicic lava (circa 750°C). As a result
mafic lavas are less viscous than silicic lavas because
of both temperature and composition.

Some web pages.

World's Coolest Lava is in Africa
http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/archive/2003/03_04_17.html

Practical volcanology - Lecture notes for understanding
volcanic rocks from field based studies By Martin, Ulrike; Nemeth, Karoly
http://muir.massey.ac.nz/handle/10179/532
http://mro.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10179/532/Nemeth_Martin_PracticalVolcanologyWhole.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

It was also written,

>[The difference between aa and pahoehoe lava is
>related to cooling of the lava, and also loss of gasses,
> both of which increase the viscosity, turning pahoehoe
>into aa. Both can have the same chemical composition, …

This is true. However, flow rate can control whether
pahoehoe lava can form or not. For example the study of
historical geologic data from Kilauea and Mauna Loa
volcanoes found that only the rough-surfaced variety
of basalt lava called a'a / aa forms when lava flows at rates
greater than 5-10 m3 per second, and the smooth-surfaced
variety called pahoehoe forms at rates lower than 5-10 m3
per second. Of course, the maximum flow rate at which
pahoehoe forms varies with viscosity. There is another
form of lava called “toothpaste lava” which forms at the
transition from a'a to pahoehoe lava.

Go see,

Rowland, S. K., G. P. L. Walker, 1990, Pahoehoe and aa
in Hawaii: volumetric flow rate controls the lava structure.
Bulletin of Volcanology. vol. 52, no. 8, pp 615-628.
http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/FACULTY/ROWLAND/pdfs/Pahoehoe_aa_BV.pdf
http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/FACULTY/ROWLAND/

Rowland S. K., and G. P. L. Walker, 1987, Toothpaste
lava: characteristics and origin of a lava structural type
transitional between pahoehoe and a'a. Bulletin of
Volcanology. vol. 49, pp. 631-641.
http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/FACULTY/ROWLAND/pdfs/Toothpaste_lava.pdf
http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/FACULTY/ROWLAND/

Lava Flows
https://web.archive.org/web/20110613021417/http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/education/hawaii/small_struct/lava_flows/lavaflow.html

Yours,

Paul H.

The Great Diamond Hoax of 1872

The Great Diamond Hoax of 1872

The Great Diamond Hoax of 1872
(How a Kentucky grifter and his partner pulled off
one of the era's most spectacular scams -- until a
dedicated man of science exposed their scheme)
by Robert Wilson, Smithsonian Magazine
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-great-diamond-hoax-of-1872-2630188/

The Great Diamond Hoax of 1872
Wkipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_hoax_of_1872

The Great Diamond Hoax and Other Stirring
Episodes in the Life of Asbury Harpending - An
Epic of Early California - Edited by J. H. Wilkins,
James H. Berry Co. San Francisco, CA, 1913
http://www.books-about-california.com/Pages/The_Great_Diamond_Hoax/The_Great_Diamond_Hoax_main.html

PDF version at
https://archive.org/details/greatdiamondhoa00wilkgoog
https://archive.org/details/greatdiamondhoax00harpuoft and
https://archive.org/details/greatdiamondhoax00harp

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 9 January 2015

Study Casts Doubt on Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis

Study Casts Doubt on Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis

Study casts doubt on mammoth-killing cosmic impact
University of California, Davis, CA, Science Daily
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150106130518.htm

Study casts doubt on mammoth-killing cosmic impact
University of California, Davis, CA,
http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=11117

Cosmic Impact Hypothesis Hypothesis Probably
Based On Remains Of Ancient House Fires
Science 2.0, January 8, 2015
http://www.science20.com/news_articles/cosmic_impact_hypothesis_hypothesis_probably_based_on_remains_of_ancient_house_fires-152045

The paper is:

Thy, P., G. , G. H. Barfod, and D.Q. Fuller, 2015,
Anthropogenic origin of siliceous scoria droplets
from Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological sites
in northern Syria. Journal of Archaeological Science.
vol. 15, pp. 193-209. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.11.027
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440314004403
https://www.academia.edu/9965536/Anthropogenic_origin_of_siliceous_scoria_droplets_from_Pleistocene_and_Holocene_archaeological_sites_in_northern_Syria

Yours,

Paul H

Wednesday, 7 January 2015

12th Archaeopteryx Found, Schamhaupten, Germany

12th Archaeopteryx Found, Schamhaupten, Germany

Der nächste Archaeopteryx. by Von Stefan Janda
Donaukurier, January 6, 2014 (with video)
http://www.donaukurier.de/nachrichten/bayern/Schamhaupten-Der-naechste-Archaeopteryx;art155371,2880263

An older article about the quarry is:
[[Fossiliensteinbruch ist wieder geöffnet]]

Fossil quarry is opened again (Have visitors to October
Admission in Schamhaupten. Collecting is allowed
only with hammer, chisel and safety glasses with
heavy equipment.) Mittelbayerische. May 5, 2104
http://www.mittelbayerische.de/region/neumarkt/artikel/fossiliensteinbruch-ist-wieder-geoeffnet/1061272/fossiliensteinbruch-ist-wieder-geoeffnet.html

Yours,
Paul H

Fossil Microbialites Found on Mars ???

Fossil Microbialites Found on Mars ???

Potential Signs of Ancient Life on Mars
by Johnny Bontemps, Astrobiology Magazine,
http://www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/potential-signs-ancient-life-mars-rover-photos/

PhysOrg at http://phys.org/news/2015-01-potential-ancient-life-mars-rover.html

The paper is:

Noffke, N. 2015, Ancient Sedimentary Structures in
the < 3.7 Ga Gillespie Lake Member, Mars, That
Resemble Macroscopic Morphology, Spatial
Associations, and Temporal Succession in Terrestrial
Microbialites. Atrobiology. vol. 15, no. 2, ahead of print.
http://online.liebertpub.com/toc/ast/0/0
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25495393

PDF file of paper at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/ast.2014.1218

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 5 January 2015

New Research About Enigmatic Front Range, Colorado, Clastic Dikes

New Research About Enigmatic Front Range, Colorado, Clastic Dikes

Clastic dikes that are found intruding downward in
Precambrian granite or gneiss have, since they were
documented in 1894, presented something of an
enigma as to their origin and source of sand. In 2013
and 2014, Dr. Christine Siddoway and others have
published abstracts and papers about these dikes
that provide important significant, new information
about them. Although these publications do not
completely answer all of the questions about these
clastic dikes, they provide answers to the age and
unanticipated source of the sand that fills them. They
indicate that these dikes are associated with faulting
that occurred during the breakup of the supercontinent
of Rodinia and where later reactivated during the
Larimide orogeny. These papers tell a very interesting
story. Articles about Christine Siddoway’s research are:

Strange formation on Colorado Rockies sheds light
on Earth's past, AAAS News, September 24, 2015
http://news.sciencemag.org/earth/2014/09/strange-formation-colorado-rockies-sheds-light-earths-past

A maverick sandstone that calls a granite home.
Strange Colorado sandstone formed in the
supercontinent Rodinia. by Scott K. Johnson
Ars Technica, October 4 2014
http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/10/a-maverick-sandstone-that-calls-a-granite-home

Abstracts include:

Siddoway, C. S. Shatford, and A. A. Contreras, 2013b,
Armo reactivation of Cambrian or older structures;
detrital zircon evidence from 'structureless' sandstones
of the southern Front Range in Colorado Springs.
Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of
America. vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 887.
https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2013AM/webprogram/Paper226741.html
https://www.academia.edu/5699118/ARMO_reactivation_of_Cambrian_or_older_structures_Detrital_zircon_evidence_from_structureless_sandstones_of_the_southern_Front_Range_in_Colorado_Springs

Siddoway, C. S., and G. E. Gehrels, 2014b, Cryogenian
Sandstones in Colorado: A New terrestrial record for
Laurentia (Rodina) Revealed Through Detrital Zircon
Provenance Analysis. 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in
Vancouver, British Columbia (19–22 October 2014
https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2014AM/finalprogram/abstract_246788.htm
https://www.academia.edu/8533892/Cryogenian_sandstones_in_Colorado_a_new_terrestrial_record_for_Laurentia_Rodinia_revealed_through_detrital_zircon_provenance_analysis

Freedman, D., M. Petronis, and C. Siddoway, 2013
Magnetic anisotropy fabrics as a proxy for emplacement
mode for basement-hosted sandstone injectites, Colorado
Front Range. Geological Society of America Abstracts
with Programs. vol. 45, no. 7, p. 823
https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2013AM/webprogram/Paper226744.html

The papers are:

Siddoway, C. S., P. Myrow, and E. Fitz-Diaz, 2013a,
Strata, structures, and enduring enigmas; a 125th
anniversary appraisal of Colorado Springs geology. In
L. D. Abbott, ed., pp. 331-356, Classic concepts and
new directions; exploring 125 years of GSA discoveries
in the Rocky Mountain region. Guidebook no. 33.
Geological Society of America : Boulder, Colorado.
https://www.academia.edu/5699079/Strata_structures_and_enduring_enigmas_A_125th_Anniversary_appraisal_of_Colorado_Springs_geology
https://coloradocollege.academia.edu/ChristineSiddoway

and

Siddoway, C. S., and G. E. Gehrels, 2014a, Basement-
hosted sandstone injectites of Colorado: A vestige
of the Neoproterozoic revealed through detrital zircon
provenance analysis. Lithosphere. First published online
August 27, 2014, doi: 10.1130/L390.1
http://lithosphere.gsapubs.org/content/early/2014/08/26/L390.1.abstract
http://lithosphere.gsapubs.org/content/early/2014/08/26/L390.1.full.pdf+htm
https://www.academia.edu/7949674/Basement-hosted_sandstone_injectites_of_Colorado_A_vestige_of_the_Neoproterozoic_revealed_through_detrital_zircon_provenance_analysis

Finally, there is:

Bibliography of Clastic Dike Research by Skye
Cooley, 2011, Geologist Cirque Geoscience Consultants
http://gis4geomorphology.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Cooley-2011-Bibliography-of-Clastic-Dike-Research.pdf

An unrelated, bit still interesting publication is:

Wyoming Field Guide, Department of Earth an
Environmental Sciences, Columbia University,
New York, New York.
http://eesc.columbia.edu/files/uploaded/file/FieldGuideWY.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

'Golden Age' of Dinosaur Discovery

'Golden Age' of Dinosaur Discovery

Dinosaur Researchers Say They're in a 'Golden Age' of
Discovery by Keith Wagstaff, NBC News,
http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/dinosaur-researchers-say-theyre-golden-age-discovery-n271826

Dinosaur discoveries in 2014 included huge titanosaur,
micro tyrannosaur. (New species announced frequently
during 'golden age' of dinosaur discovery, CBC
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/dinosaur-discoveries-in-2014-included-huge-titanosaur-micro-tyrannosaur-1.2878979

The Top 10 New Dinosaur Species of 2014
by Sean Markey, Kank.ie, December 19, 2014
http://www.krank.ie/category/sci/nat/top-10-new-dinosaurs-2014/

Top 5 Non-Dinosaur Palaeontology Discoveries
of 2014 by Sean Markey, Kank.ie, December 23, 2014
http://www.krank.ie/category/sci/nat/top5-non-dinosaur-palaeontology-discoveries-2014/

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 4 January 2015

A Few Astrogeological and Geological Maps of 2014

A Few Astrogeological and Geological Maps of 2014

Lots of beautiful geologic maps were made this year.

They include:

Beautiful astrogeological maps reveal the Moon's
mysterious far side, Robbie Gonzalez, io9, Dec. 09, 2014
http://io9.com/5866790/beautiful-astrogeological-map-reveal-the-moons-mysterious-far-side

Previous io9 articles mention a number of other geologic
maps, including maps of the Moon and Ganymede. They
include:

1. New Geological Maps of the Arctic. Robbie Gonzalez,
io9, Dec. 11, 2014
http://io9.com/your-new-desktop-wallpaper-a-fetching-geological-map-o-1669591162

Harrison, J C; St-Onge, M R; Petrov, O V; Strelnikov, S I;
Lopatin, B G; Wilson, F H; Tella, S; Paul, D; Lynds, T;
Shokalsky, S P; Hults, C K; Bergman, S; Jepsen, H F; Solli, A
Geological map of the Arctic / Carte géologique de l'Arctique
2014, Geological Survey of Canada, "A" Series Map 2159A,
2011; 9 sheets; 1 DVD, doi:10.4095/287868
http://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/fulle.web&search1=R=287868
http://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/downloade.web&search1=R=287868
Accurate Yet, George Dvorsky, July, 15, 2014

2. Lose Yourself in these Stunning Lunar Maps
Robbie Gonzalez, io9, March 1, 2014
http://io9.com/lose-yourself-in-these-stunning-lunar-maps-1534324756

Lunar Map Catalog
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/

3. Your New Desktop Wallpaper: A Gorgeous Exploratory
Soil Map of Kenya, Robbie Gonzalez, io9, February 22, 2014
http://io9.com/your-new-desktop-wallpaper-a-gorgeous-exploratory-soil-1645225406

4. A Second Look at the First Geological Map of Ganymede
Robbie Gonzalez, io9, February 22, 2014
http://io9.com/a-second-look-at-the-first-geological-map-of-ganymede-1526438709
http://io9.com/behold-the-first-geological-map-of-ganymede-jupiters-1522360379

5. These Insanely Detailed Maps Of Mars Are The Most
Accurate Yet, George Dvorsky, July 15, 2014
http://io9.com/these-insanely-detailed-maps-of-mars-are-the-most-accur-1605220377

Even more maps are at http://io9.com/tag/map

Finally, I found the below map interesting:

Most Common Language In Each US State—Besides
English And Spanish by Lauren Davis, io9,
http://io9.com/the-most-common-language-in-each-us-state-besides-engli-1575909143

Best wishes,

Paul H

Thursday, 1 January 2015

Geological Maps of 2014

Geological Maps of 2014

One of the apsects of geology that I love are
geological maps. On the io9 web site there are a
number of articles about geological maps that are
spectacular for their content and beauty. One of
them is the new geological map of the Arctic.

New Geological Maps of the Arctic. Robbie Gonzalez,
io9, Dec. 11, 2014
http://io9.com/your-new-desktop-wallpaper-a-fetching-geological-map-o-1669591162

Harrison, J C; St-Onge, M R; Petrov, O V; Strelnikov, S I;
Lopatin, B G; Wilson, F H; Tella, S; Paul, D; Lynds, T;
Shokalsky, S P; Hults, C K; Bergman, S; Jepsen, H F; Solli, A
Geological map of the Arctic / Carte géologique de l'Arctique
2014, Geological Survey of Canada, "A" Series Map 2159A,
2011; 9 sheets; 1 DVD, doi:10.4095/287868
http://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/fulle.web&search1=R=287868
http://geoscan.nrcan.gc.ca/starweb/geoscan/servlet.starweb?path=geoscan/downloade.web&search1=R=287868
Accurate Yet, George Dvorsky, July, 15, 2014

Previous io9 articles mention a number of other geologic
maps, including maps of the Moon and Ganymede. They
include:

1. Lose Yourself in these Stunning Lunar Maps
Robbie Gonzalez, io9, March 1, 2014
http://io9.com/lose-yourself-in-these-stunning-lunar-maps-1534324756

Lunar Map Catalog
http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/

2. Your New Desktop Wallpaper: A Gorgeous Exploratory
Soil Map of Kenya, Robbie Gonzalez, io9, February 22, 2014
http://io9.com/your-new-desktop-wallpaper-a-gorgeous-exploratory-soil-1645225406

3. A Second Look at the First Geological Map of Ganymede
Robbie Gonzalez, io9, February 22, 2014
http://io9.com/a-second-look-at-the-first-geological-map-of-ganymede-1526438709
http://io9.com/behold-the-first-geological-map-of-ganymede-jupiters-1522360379

4. Beautiful astrogeological maps reveal the Moon's
mysterious far side, Robbie Gonzalez, io9, Dec. 09, 2014
http://io9.com/5866790/beautiful-astrogeological-map-reveal-the-moons-mysterious-far-side

5. These Insanely Detailed Maps Of Mars Are The Most
Accurate Yet, George Dvorsky, July 15, 2014
http://io9.com/these-insanely-detailed-maps-of-mars-are-the-most-accur-1605220377

Even more maps are at http://io9.com/tag/map

To mention a few out of many web pages, there are:

1. USGS maps at http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/ngmdb/ngmdb_home.html
and http://maps.ngmdb.us/dataviewer/

2. California Geological Maps at
http://www.consrv.ca.gov/cgs/information/geologic_mapping/pages/index.aspx

and 3 Utah Geological Maps at http://geology.utah.gov/maps/geomap/

Finally, I found the below map interesting:

Most Common Language In Each US State—Besides
English And Spanish by Lauren Davis, io9,
http://io9.com/the-most-common-language-in-each-us-state-besides-engli-1575909143

Best wishes,

Paul H.

A Belated Introduction - Paul H.

A Belated Introduction - Paul H.

From what I can find, it seems like that I have not introduced myself. I am a research geologist at the
Louisiana Geological Survey at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. I am with the geological
mapping section as discussed in:
http://www.lgs.lsu.edu/deploy/staff/staff.php?sectionID=5

Some of the 1:100,000 scale geological maps that I have coauthored / cocompiled can be downloaded from
http://www.lgs.lsu.edu/deploy/content/PUBLI/contentpage17.php .

Some of my publications can be found at:
http://lsu.academia.edu/PaulHeinrich and
http://www.lgs.lsu.edu/deploy/content/PUBLI/contentpage14.php .

Part of what I enjoy doing and still get paid for is answering questions about geology from the general public. Although I busy, feel free to contact me at my work email address with questions that I might be able to help you with. I will try to do the best that can to get back to you in a reasonable period of time.

Best wishes,



Paul H.

Tuesday, 30 December 2014

Huge Sinkhole At Russian Potash Mine

Huge Sinkhole At Russian Potash Mine

Giant 130ft wide sinkhole appears near
Russian mine after flooding, forcing
thousands of miners to stay in their homes
the daily mail, November 20, 2014
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2842997/Giant-130ft-wide-sinkhole-appears-near-Russian-flooding-forcing-thousands-miners-stay-homes.html

Images of Giant Russian Sinkhole Linked to
Uralkali Mining Accident Published Online
By Jennifer Monaghan, Nov. 21 2014
http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/images-of-giant-russian-sinkhole-linked-to-uralkali-mining-accident-published-online/511636.html

Giant Sinkhole Still Expanding, Russian Potash
Producer Uralkali Says The Moscow Times Dec. 11
http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/giant-sinkhole-expanding-by-the-hour-russian-potash-producer-uralkali-says/513127.html
Yours,

Paul H.

Evolution of the Martian Atmosphere

Evolution of the Martian Atmosphere

Tales from a Martian rock: New chemical analysis of
ancient Martian meteorite provides clues to planet's
history of habitability, University of California,
San Diego, Science Daily Dec. 22, 2014
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141222165037.htm
http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/pressrelease/tales_from_a_martian_rock
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/22785/20141223/martian-rock-unveils-secrets-about-water-on-early-mars.htm

The paper is:

Shaheen, R., P. B. Niles, K. Chong, C. M. Corrigan,
and M. H. Thiemens, 2014, Carbonate formation
events in ALH 84001 trace the evolution of the Martian
atmosphere. PNAS, Dec. 22, 2014
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/12/17/1315615112

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 27 December 2014

Papers About Taphonomy of Fossil Tracks

Papers About Taphonomy of Fossil Tracks

While slumming on the Internet, I came across some
interesting papers about fossil trackways, they include:

Marty, Daniel, 2008, Sedimentology, taphonomy, and
ichnology of Late Jurassic dinosaur tracks from the
Jura carbonate platform (Chevenez—Combe Ronde
track site, NW Switzerland): insights into the tidal-flat
palaeoenvironment and dinosaur diversity, locomotion,
and palaeoecology. PhD these, Goefocus vol. 21,
Département de Géosciences – Sciences de la Terre
Université de Fribourg (Suisse).
http://www.academia.edu/692670/Sedimentology_taphonomy_and_ichnology_of_Late_Jurassic_dinosaur_tracks_from_the_Jura_carbonate_platform_Chevenez_Combe_Ronde_tracksite_NW_Switzerland_insights_into_the_tidal-flat_palaeoenvironment_and_dinosaur_diversity_locomotion_and_palaeoecology

Braillard, L., W. A. Hug, and C. A. Meyer, 2007, Late
Jurassic dinosaur tracksites of the Transjurane
highway (Canton Jura, NW Switzerland): over- view
and measures for their protection and valorisation.
Bulletin für angewandte Geologie (Bulletin of applied
Geology) vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 75–89.
http://www.angewandte-geologie.ch/Dokumente/Archiv/Vol12_1/121_7Martyetal.pdf

Marty, D., A. Strasser, and C. A. Meyer, 2009,
Formation and taphonomy of human footprints in
microbial mats of present-day tidal-flat environments:
implications for the study of fossil footprints. Ichnos.
vol. 16, no. 1–2, pp. 127–142.
http://www.academia.edu/692708/Formation_and_taphonomy_of_human_footprints_in_microbial_mats_of_present-day_tidal-flat_environments_implications_for_the_study_of_fossil_footprints

More publications about dinosaur and other trackways
at: http://pal-a16.academia.edu/Departments/Palaeontologie_A16/Documents
and http://pal-a16.academia.edu/danielmarty

In terms of of Chinese fossils trackways, I came across:

Dai, H., L. Xing , D. Marty, J. Zhang, W. S. Persons,
H. Hu, and Fengping Wang, 2015, Microbially-induced
sedimentary wrinkle structures and possible impact
of microbial mats for the enhanced preservation of
dinosaur tracks from the Lower Cretaceous Jiaguan
Formation near Qijiang (Chongqing, China) Cretaceous
Research. vol. 53, article no. 98e109
http://www.xinglida.net/pdf/Dai_et_al_2015_Microbial_mats.pdf

More PDF files about Chinese fossil trackways can be
found and downloaded from either http://www.xinglida.net
or https://web.archive.org/web/20141218153426/http://xinglida.net/

Finally, there is summary paper (book chapter) about
the well-known dinosaur tracks of Dinosaur Valley
State Park, Texas:

Farlow, J. O. M. O'brien, G. J. Kuban, B. F. Dattilo,
K. T. Bates, P. L. Falkingham, L. Pinuela, A. Rose,
A. Freels, C. Kumagai, C. Libben, J. Smith, and J.
Whitcraft, 2012, Dinosaur Tracksites of the Paluxy
River Valley (Glen Rose Formation, Lower Cretaceous),
Dinosaur Valley State Park, Somervell County, Texas.
Actas de V Jrnadas Internacionales sobre Paleontologia
de Dinosaurios y su Entorno, Salas de los Infantes,
Burgos. pp. 41 - 69. http://opus.ipfw.edu/geosci_facpubs/69
and http://opus.ipfw.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1059&context=geosci_facpubs

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 22 December 2014

Cyber Criminals Hijack Identities of Science Journals

Cyber Criminals Hijack Identities of Science Journals

Cyber criminals are stealing the identity of reputable science journals by creating fake web sites and using them to collect author fees, These fees disappear to Armenia and other countries. They most commonly target journals that lack dedicated websites of their
own. In some cases, such websites have collected author fees of up to 500 dollars from authors for a
paper that never gets published.

Go see:

You think this journal is real? Science Guide
http://www.scienceguide.nl/201303/you-think-this-journal-is-real.aspx

Archives des Sciences Warning
http://www.unige.ch/sphn/Publications/ArchivesSciences/Archives.html

Paleonet: "fake" journals
http://mailman.nhm.ac.uk/archives/paleonet/2006/2014-December/003408.html
http://mailman.nhm.ac.uk/archives/paleonet/2006/2014-December/date.html

There is a list of hijacked sceince journals at:

Hijacked journal list 2014, first edition, June 2014
Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian. Academic Journalism,
Publication Ethics
http://www.mehrdadjalalian.com/index.php/list-of-hijacked-journals-and-fake-publishers/30-hiajcked-journal-list-2014-first-edition-june-2014

Other articles are:

Journal hijackers target science and open access Research Information, August 11, 2014
http://www.researchinformation.info/news/news_story.php?news_id=1660

Sample of acceptance letter issued by journal hijackers who control the counterfeit website for
the hijacked journal "FAUNA ROSSII I SOPREDEL NYKH STRAN" Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian.
Academic Journalism, Publication Ethics
http://www.mehrdadjalalian.com/index.php/updates-of-hijacked-journals/60-sample-of-acceptance-letter-issued-by-journal-hijackers-who-control-the-counterfeit-website-for-the-hijacked-journal-fauna-rossii-i-sopredel-nykh-stran

4th counterfeit website is detected for "Texas journal of science" Dr. Mehrdad Jalalian.
http://www.mehrdadjalalian.com/index.php/updates-of-hijacked-journals/57-a-4th-counterfeit-website-is-detected-for-texas-journal-of-science

Yours,

Paul H.