Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2014 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Sunday, 30 March 2014

Comet Close Call:Boon for Science, But Worry for Craft Orbiting Mars

Comet Close Call:Boon for Science, But Worry  for Craft Orbiting Mars

Comet close call: boon for science, but worry
for craft orbiting Mars
,
 by Pete Spotts,
Christian Science Monitor, March 28, 2014
http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2014/0328/Comet-close-call-boon-for-science-but-worry-for-craft-orbiting-Mars-video

Mars-Bound Comet: Photos of Comet C/2013 A1
Siding Spring (Gallery)
 Space.com, March 27, 2014‎
http://www.space.com/25257-mars-comet-siding-spring-photos-c2013-a1.html

Yours,

Paul H.

For all of the E-Pistles of Paul with HUNDREDS of interesting SCIENCE-RELATED posts BOOKMARK and come back to study and read-
http://theepistlesofpaul.blogspot.com/

2014 The Year of "CERTAIN Uncertainty" ™; Meteors, Asteroids, Comets, and MORE!!

Friday, 28 March 2014

Santa Cruz, California Fossil Site Reveals New Whale Species

Santa Cruz, California Fossil Site Reveals New Whale Species

Secret Santa Cruz fossil site reveals new whale species
by David Perlman, San Francisco Chronicle, March 26, 2014
http://www.sfgate.com/science/article/Secret-Santa-Cruz-fossil-site-reveals-new-whale-5352262.php

Balaenoptera bertae: New Fossil Whale Species
Discovered. (Robert Boessenecker, a PhD student with
the University of Otago, has discovered an extinct
pecies of whale that lived during Pliocene, 3.35 –
2.5 million years ago. Sci-News.com, Feb. 7, 2014
http://www.sci-news.com/paleontology/science-balaenoptera-bertae-new-fossil-whale-species-01750.html

Strange marine mammals of ancient North Pacific
revealed, University of Otago, February 6, 2014
http://www.otago.ac.nz/news/news/otago064816.html

An earlier article is:

Fossil hunters in Santa Cruz make whale of a find
by David Perlman, San Francisco Chronicle, Sept. 8, 2013
http://www.sfgate.com/default/article/Fossil-hunters-in-Santa-Cruz-make-whale-of-a-find-4797539.php

The paper is:

Boessenecker, R. W., 2013, A new marine vertebrate
assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima
Formation in Central California, part II: Pinnipeds
and Cetaceans. Geodiversitas. vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 815–940.
http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.5252/g2013n4a5

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 19 March 2014

Earth Hammered by Prehistoric Double Space Impact

Earth Hammered by Prehistoric Double Space Impact

Ancient Earth hammered by double space impact
By Paul Rincon, BBC News, March 18, 2014
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26172181

What's worse than one asteroid hitting Earth?
Scientists identify double impact crater by James
Vincent, The Independent, March18, 2104
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/whats-worse-than-one-asteroid-hitting--earth-scientists-identify-double-impact-crater-9201785.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Evidence for Gravity waves Detected

Evidence for Gravity waves Detected

Big Bang breakthrough announced; gravity waves detected
by Elizabeth Landau, CNN, March 17, 2014
http://www.cnn.com/2014/03/17/tech/innovation/big-bang-gravitational-waves/

Space Ripples Seen as Big Bang’s Smoking Gun
by Dennis Overbye, New York Times, March 17, 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/18/science/space/detection-of-waves-in-space-buttresses-landmark-theory-of-big-bang.html

Cosmic Bulletins: Two Major Discoveries Rock Science
by Michael D. Lemonick, Time Magazine, March 17, 2104
http://time.com/24894/gravity-waves-expanding-universe/

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 17 March 2014

CNN News---Could meteor have hit Flight 370

CNN News---Could meteor have hit Flight 370

In "Re: [meteorite-list] CNN News---Could meteor
have hit Flight 370" at
https://www.mail-archive.com/meteorite-list@meteoritecentral.com/msg116905.html
Michael Farmer wrote,

> On Mar 12, 2014, at 8:55 AM, Don wrote:
> http://www.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/world/2014/03/12/ac-dnt-brown-missing-plane-conspiracy-theories.cnn.html

and

>They are grasping for straws now.

Unfortunately, it is the typical mindless and cliche
speculation, often later followed by min-black holes
and superquarks, that gets thrown out when either a
plane or ship mysteriously disappears and there is a
lack of any hard data on which to construct a rational
hypothesis. It is not that CNN is "grasping for straws"
to explain this utterly heartbreaking disappearance.
Instead CNN is grasping for anything to print in the
absence of anything new and significant to report in
order to keep their audience entertained.

Bolides are being used to explained numerous
reports of loud noises and reports of aircraft crashes
that people are trying to link to the disappearance
of Flight MH370.

Go see " Malaysian Airlines MH370 contact lost" at
http://www.pprune.org/rumours-news/535538-malaysian-airlines-mh370-contact-lost-249.html#post8382222

In it, SLFplatine wrote

>Quote (Brika):
>>Not to forget Malaysian police reporting hearwitness
>>accounts of a loud bang near coast off Kota Bharu.
>
>And along with the oil rig workers eyewitness (600
>kilomètre distant we should add here) -a meteorite
>would produce the same hear/eye witness accounts.

The most interesting and professional discussion of
this unfolding tragedy, which I have found, is "Malaysian
Airlines MH370 contact lost" at
http://www.pprune.org/rumours-news/535538-malaysian-airlines-mh370-contact-lost.html

Alaos, there is:

DigitalGlobe launches crowdsource search for missing
Malaysian plane by Kristen Leigh Painter, The Denver Post
http://www.denverpost.com/business/ci_25315311/digitalglobe-launches-crowdsource-search-missing-malaysian-plane

Crowdsourcing volunteers comb satellite photos for
Malaysia Airlines jet by M. Martinez and J. Newsome, CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2014/03/11/us/malaysia-airlines-plane-crowdsourcing-search/

Missing Airplane: Malaysia Air Flight370
http://www.tomnod.com/nod/challenge/malaysiaairsar2014

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 16 March 2014

Take a Breath and Thank a Sponge

Take a Breath and Thank a Sponge

Take a Breath and Thank a Sponge by Carl Zimmer,
New York Times, March 13, 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/18/science/take-a-breath-and-thank-a-sponge.html?_r=1

First animals oxygenated Earth's oceans, study
suggests. ScienceDaily, March 9, 2014
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140309150540.htm

The paper is:

Lenton, T. M., R. A. Boyle, S. W. Poulton, G. A. Shields-Zhou,
and N. J. Butterfield, 2014, Co-evolution of eukaryotes and
ocean oxygenation in the Neoproterozoic era. Nature Geoscience.
(advance online publication)
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2108.html

A related article is:

Theory on origin of animals challenged: Some animals
need extremely little oxygen, ScienceDaily, February 17, 2014
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140217161110.htm

The paper is:

Mills, D. B., L. M. Ward, C.A. Jones, B. Sweeten, M. Forth,
A. H. Treusch and D. E. Canfield. The oxygen requirements
of the earliest animals. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences. Early Edition, February 17, 2014
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/02/13/1400547111.abstract

Paul H.

Saturday, 15 March 2014

You Can Help Map the Moon by Counting Craters

You Can Help Map the Moon by Counting Craters

CU-Boulder-led study on lunar crater counting
shows crowdsourcing effective, accurate tool.
Be Boulder, university of Boulder, Colorado.
http://www.colorado.edu/news/releases/2014/03/13/cu-boulder-led-study-lunar-crater-counting-shows-crowdsourcing-effective

Counting Craters: YOU Can Help Map the Moon
by Nicole Gugliucci, Discovery.com News,
http://news.discovery.com/space/astronomy/counting-craters-you-can-help-map-the-moon-140314.htm

CosmoQuest’s “MoonMappers” Shows Everyday
People Can Map the Moon, Cosmoquest X Blog,
http://cosmoquest.org/x/press-releases/press-release-cosmoquests-moonmappers-shows-everyday-people-can-map-the-moon/

Robbins, S. J., M. R. Kirchoff, C. R. Chapman,
C. I. Fassett, R. R. Herrick, K. Singer, M.
Zanetti, C. Lehan, D. Huang, P. L. Gay, 2014,
The variability of crater identification among
expert and community crater analysts. Icarus
Available online 4 March 2014
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103514001080

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 13 March 2014

Strangest Magma on Earth: Carbonatites of Ol Doinyo

Strangest Magma on Earth: Carbonatites of Ol Doinyo

Strangest Magma on Earth: Carbonatites of Ol Doinyo
Lengai by Erik Klemetti, Eruptions Bog, Wired News,
http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2014/03/strangest-magma-earth-carbonatites-oldoinyo-lengai/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 8 March 2014

Many Martian Meteorites May Originate From Single Giant Crater

Many Martian Meteorites May Originate From Single Giant Crater

Study pinpoints source of Mars meteorites
by Irene Klotz, Reuters, March 6, 2014
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/06/us-space-mars-meteorites-idUSBREA252ES20140306

Mars Meteorites May Originate From Single Giant
Crater by Carl Engelking Discover Magazine,
March 7, 2014
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2014/03/07/mars-meteorites-originate-from-single-giant-crater/

Meteorites on Earth May Be From Ancient Crater
on Mars, Study Says, National Geographic.
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/14/140306-mars-meteorite-crater-space/

Werner, S. C., A. Ody, and F. Poulet, 2014, The
Source Crater of Martian Shergottite Meteorites
Published Online March 6 2014 Science
DOI: 10.1126/science.1247282
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2014/03/05/science.1247282

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 7 March 2014

Geologists Glimpse a Heaven Below (Underground in New York

Geologists Glimpse a Heaven Below (Underground in New York

Geologists glimpse a heaven below by Sam Roberts
The New York Times, February 18, 2014
http://www.ndtv.com/article/world/geologists-glimpse-a-heaven-below-484776

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 5 March 2014

Trilobites in The New York Times

Trilobites in The New York Times

When Trilobites Ruled the World, March 3, 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/04/science/when-trilobites-ruled-the-world.html?action=click&contentCollection=Science®ion=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article

This article contains numerous line drawings by Sam Gon
and a fun video of Nigel Hughes performing the song;
"Lament for the Passing of the Trilobites."

Yours,

Paul H.

30,000 Year-old Giant Virus Reported From Siberian Permafrost

30,000 Year-old Giant Virus Reported From Siberian Permafrost

Out of Siberian Ice, a Virus Revived, Time Magazine, March 3, 2014
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/04/science/out-of-siberian-ice-a-virus-revived.html?rref=science&module=Ribbon&version=context®ion=Header&action=click&contentCollection=Science&pgtype=article

30,000-year-old giant virus 'comes back to life' by Rebecca Morelle,
BBC News, March 4, 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-26387276

30,000 year-old giant virus found in Siberia, Science Daily
March 4, 2014, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140304071433.htm

Legendre, M., J. Bartoli, L. Shmakova, S. Jeudy, K. Labadie,
A. Adrait, M. Lescot,O. Poirot, L. Bertaux, C. Bruley, Y.
Couté, E. Rivkina, C. Abergel, and J.-M. Claverie, 2014,
Thirty-thousand-year-old distant relative of giant icosahedral
DNA viruses with a pandoravirus morphology. Proceedings of
the National Academy of Sciences. published ahead of print
March 4, 2014, http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/02/26/1320670111

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 4 March 2014

Bibliography Of Paleontology Of Southwest United States Oil Shale And Tar Sands Regions

Bibliography Of Paleontology Of Southwest United States Oil Shale And Tar Sands Regions

Murphey, PC, and D. Daitch, 2008, Paleontological Overview of Oil Shale and Tar Sands Areas in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. Utah State Office, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior, Salt Lake City, Utah. PDF file at-

Also at

and

Yours, Paul H. -


























Wine



























































































































Origi

Geology of the National Capital (Washington DC) Region: Field Trip Guidebook

Geology of the National Capital (Washington DC) Region: Field Trip Guidebook

Burton, W., and S. Southworth, 2004, Geology of the National Capital Region:.. field trip Guidebook Circular no 1264, United States Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia 298 PP 
PDF file at-

and -


This publication Includes Discussions and Guidebooks about topics Such as the the Stratigraphy and Fossils of the Chesapeake Bay Region and the Paleozoic of the Central Appalachian Basin Region and the Geologic Evolution of . northern Virginia.

Yours, Paul H.




















Wednesday, 26 February 2014

Martian Micro-Tunnels And Carbon Spherules Revive Debate Over Martian Life

Martian Micro-Tunnels And Carbon Spherules Revive Debate Over Martian Life

Tiny Blobs and Tunnels in Meteorite Revive Debate
Over Life on Mars By Alan Boyle, NBC News, Feb. 2014,
http://www.nbcnews.com/science/space/tiny-blobs-tunnels-meteorite-revive-debate-over-life-mars-n38431

Meteorite May Harbor Evidence of Mars Life.
by Mike White, Space.com, February 25, 2014
http://www.space.com/24816-mars-life-meteorite-debate.html

The paper is:
White L. M., E. K. Gibson, K. L. Thomas-Keprta S. J.
Clemett and D, S. McKay, 2014, Putative Indigenous
Carbon-Bearing Alteration Features in Martian Meteorite
Yamato 000593. Astrobiology. vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 170-181.

abstract: http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/ast.2011.0733
PDF file: http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/ast.2011.0733

Yours,
Paul H.

Age of Jack Hills, Australia, Zircons Revisited

Age of Jack Hills, Australia, Zircons Revisited

Rock around the clock: zircon crystal is oldest piece of
Earth by Reuters, The Telegraph, February 24, 2014.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/10657665/Rock-around-the-clock-zircon-crystal-is-oldest-piece-of-Earth.html

Gem discovered on Australian sheep farm is oldest piece
of the planet, The Guardian, February 24, 2103.
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/feb/24/gem-discovered-in-wa-is-oldest-piece-of-planet-earth

At 4.4 Billion Years Old, Oz Crystals Confirmed As World's
Oldest, NPR, Morning Edition, February 24, 2014 3:27 AM
http://www.npr.org/2014/02/24/280888059/at-4-4-billion-years-old-oz-crystals-confirmed-as-worlds-oldest


Rock of Ages: Microscopic 4.4 billion-year-old crystal is
the oldest-known fragment of Earth. Mail Online
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2566588/Rock-Ages-Microscopic-4-4-billion-year-old-crystal-oldest-known-fragment-Earth.html

Valley, J. W., A. J. Cavosie, T. Ushikubo, D. A. Reinhard,
D. F. Lawrence, D. J. Larson, P. H. Clifton, T. F. Kelly,
S. A. Wilde, D. E. Moser, and M. J. Spicuzza, 2014, Hadean
age for a post-magma-ocean zircon confirmed by atom-
probe tomography. Nature Geoscience. Published online
23 February 2014, doi:10.1038/ngeo2075
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2075.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 25 February 2014

Biggest observed meteorite impact' hits Moon

Biggest observed meteorite impact hits Moon

Biggest observed meteorite impact hits Moon
by Rebecca Morelle, BBC World Service
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-26325934

Meteorite smashes into moon in largest lunar
impact ever recorded, The Guardian
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/feb/24/meteorite-moon-largest-lunar-impact-recorded

Astronomers spot record-breaking lunar impact
Phys.Org, February 24, 2104
http://phys.org/news/2014-02-astronomers-record-breaking-lunar-impact.html

Yours,
Paul H.

For All of Paul V. Heinrich's "The e-Pistles of Paul ©2010 A.D."
http://theepistlesofpaul.blogspot.jp/

2014 The Year of "CERTAIN Uncertainty" ™; Meteors, Asteroids, Comets, and MORE!!

Monday, 24 February 2014

A new review paper about African impact structures

A new review paper about African impact structures

A new review paper about African impact structures
has been published online on the Journal of African
Earth Sciences’ web site. It is:

Reimold, W. U., and C. Koeberl, 2014, Impact structures
in Africa: A Review. Journal of African Earth Sciences
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.01.008
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1464343X1400017X

It is currently an open access paper.

It discusses 20 confirmed impact structures;
49 proposed, but not yet confirmed structure; and
28 structures judged not to be of impact origin.

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 23 February 2014

Geological Atlas Of Africa (Carte Géologique De L'afrique) (1/5,000,000)

Geological Atlas Of Africa (Carte Géologique De L'afrique) (1/5,000,000)

A geologic atlas of Africa, scale 1/5,000,000, that can be
either viewed online or downloaded as a high resolution
jpg can be found on the World Soil Information web site at
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric?q=%22Carte+G%C3%A9ologique+de+l%27Afrique%22
http://www.isric.eu/
http://www.isric.eu/content/search-library-and-map-collection

The individual parts of this atlas are:

Notice Explicative : Carte Géologique de l'Afrique
(1/5,000,000) / Explanatory Note: Geological Map
of Africa \ Natural Resources Research IIIFuron, R.;
Lombard, J. (1964)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/24042

Geological Map of Africa. Legend.[Carte Géologique de
l'Afrique. légende]. Sheet No. 7. Association of African
Geological Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20037

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 1. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 1]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20038

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 2. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 2]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20039

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 3. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 3]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20040

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 4. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 4]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20041

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 5. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 5]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20042

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 6. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 6]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20043

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 8. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 8]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20044

Geological Map of Africa. Sheet No. 9. [Carte Géologique
de l'Afrique. Feuille No. 9]. Association of African Geological
Surveys (ASGA). (1963)
http://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/isric/20045

Saturday, 22 February 2014

Dinosaur Track Stolen From Trail Near Moab, Utah (Photographs Included)

Dinosaur Track Stolen From Trail Near Moab, Utah (Photographs Included)

Ancient dinosaur track stolen from trail near Moab
by Mary Richards, Deseret News
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865596971/Ancient-dinosaur-track-stolen-from-trail-near-Moab.html
and
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865596971/Ancient-dinosaur-track-stolen-from-trail-near-Moab.html

'Priceless' Jurassic Era Dinosaur Tracks Stolen
From Utah Trail, NBC News, Feb. 21, 2014
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/priceless-jurassic-era-dinosaur-tracks-stolen-utah-trail-n35506

Jurassic age dinosaur tracks stolen from Moab
trail, officials say by Natalie Crofts, Feb. 21, 2014
http://www.ksl.com/?sid=28784448&nid=148&title=jurassic-age-dinosaur-tracks-stolen-from-moab-trail-officials-say&fm=home_page&s_cid=queue-5

The story noted:

" The track was lifted out of Jurassic age Navajo sandstone
in the Hell's Revenge area, according to the Bureau of Land
Management."

Pictures at http://www.ksl.com/index.php?sid=28784448&nid=460&page=1#2

Hell’s Revenge web site athttp://www.blm.gov/ut/st/en/fo/moab/recreation/motorized_routes/hell_s_revenge.html

Yours,

Paul H.