Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2016 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Friday, 5 February 2016

Did The Explorers Club Once Served Mammoth at a Meal?

Did The Explorers Club Once Served Mammoth at a Meal?

Mythical fast, frozen mammoths are one claim that catastrophists of various sorts, including Young
Earth creationists, have used repeatedly as evidence of a global cataclysm in the recent prehistoric past.
the existence of such fast frozen mammoths and / or other megafauna have been argued for on the basis
of a report of either mammoth or other extinct megafauna having been served at some conference.

Below, is how well one such report fared when it was possible to scientifically test the report.

Did The Explorers Club Once Served Mammoth at a Meal?
The Explorers Club Once Served Mammoth at a Meal. Or Did It?
By James Gorman Feb. 3, 2016 http://nyti.ms/209Au7y and
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/04/science/explorers-club-mammoth-dinner.html

Glass, J. R., M. Davis, T. J. Walsh, E. J. Sargis, and A. Caccone,
2016, Was Frozen Mammoth or Giant Ground Sloth Served
for Dinner at The Explorers Club? PLOS | One,
Published: February 3, 2016DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146825
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0146825

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 31 January 2016

Re-homogenizing the Earth-Moon system

Re-homogenizing the Earth-Moon system

Moon was produced by a head-on collision between Earth and a forming planet UCLA-led research reconstructs massive crash, which took place 4.5 billion years ago
by Stuart Wolpert, UCAL Newsroom, January 28, 2016
http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/moon-was-produced-by-a-head-on-collision-between-earth-and-a-forming-planet

Are we getting closer to understanding where the Moon actually came from? Los Angeles times
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-moon-formation-20160129-story.html

Young1, E. D., I. E. Kohl, P. H. Warren, D. C. Rubie, S. A. Jacobson, and A. Morbidelli, 2016, Oxygen isotopic evidence for vigorous mixing during the Moon-forming giant impact. Science. vol. 351, no. 6272, pp. 493-496.
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6272/493

It seems like this event would have scattered bits and pieces of Theia and pre-impact Earth into space where
they would drift about in space and eventually come back as meteorites.

Yours,
Paul H.

Wednesday, 27 January 2016

The Aliens are Silent Because They are Dead

The Aliens are Silent Because They are Dead

The aliens are silent because they're dead
Life on other planets would probably go
extinct soon after its origin, due to runaway
heating or cooling on their fledgling planets.
Australian National University, January 21, 2016
http://www.anu.edu.au/news/all-news/the-aliens-are-silent-because-they-are-extinct
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160121110932.htm
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-01/anu-taa012116.php

Aditya, C., and C. H. Lineweaver, 2016, The
Case for a Gaian Bottleneck: The Biology of
Habitability. Astrobiology. 16(1): 7-22.
Abstract at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/ast.2015.1387
PDF file at http://goo.gl/Kj4Itc and https://goo.gl/OBP4Rn
https://web.archive.org/save/http://adi.life/pubs/ChopraLineweaver2016.pdf

Charles H Lineweaver Publications -
http://www.mso.anu.edu.au/~charley/publications.html
or https://goo.gl/W30KtK

Yours,
Paul H.

Sunday, 24 January 2016

Earth’s Oldest Water May Have Come from Ancient H2O-Filled Dust

Earth’s Oldest Water May Have Come from Ancient H2O-Filled Dust

Earth’s Oldest Water May Have Come from Ancient H2O-Filled Dust
by Mindy Weisberger, Live Science, November 12, 2015
http://www.livescience.com/52778-earth-water-origins-ancient-dust.html

Baffin Island provides insights into origin of Earth's water, Space Daily
http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Baffin_Island_provides_insights_into_origin_of_Earths_water_999.html

Primeval Water in the Earth by G. Jeffrey Taylor< November 30, 2015
Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Nov15/PSRD-Earth-primeval-water.pdf

Hallis, L. J., G. R. Huss, K. Nagashima, G. J. Taylor, S. A. Halldórsson,
D. R. Hilton, M. J. Mottl, and K. J. Meech, 2015, Evidence for
primordial water in Earth’s deep mantle. vol. 350, no. 6262, pp. 795-797
Paper at http://science.sciencemag.org/content/350/6262/795
Reprint at
http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/publications/preprints/15preprints/Hallis_15-188.pdf

Yours,
Paul H.



The Biggest Dinosaur In History? Or Not? Amphicoelias fragillimus Revisited

The Biggest Dinosaur In History? Or Not? Amphicoelias fragillimus Revisited

The Biggest Dinosaur In History May Never Have Existed
By David Goldenberg, ExtremesFiveThirtyEight, January 11, 2016
http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/the-biggest-dinosaur-in-history-may-never-have-existed/

Amphicoelias - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphicoelias

Yours,
Paul H.

Saturday, 23 January 2016

Friday, 22 January 2016

New Diamond-bearing Tourmaline Species Uncovered

New Diamond-bearing Tourmaline Species Uncovered

LSU Petrologist Uncovers New Diamond-bearing Tourmaline Species
http://www.lsu.edu/science/news_events/cos-news-events/news-events-2015/DarrellHenry_Maruyamaite.php

Lussier, A., N. A. Ball, F. C. Hawthorne, D. J. Henry, R. Shimizu,
Y. Ogasawara, and T. Ota, ip, Maruyamaite,
K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant
tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif,
northern Kazakhstan: Description and crystal structure.
American Mineralogist, preprint.
http://www.minsocam.org/msa/ammin/AM_Preprints/5359HawthornePreprintFeb.pdf

Maruyamaite - http://www.mindat.org/min-46075.html

Lussier, A., Ball, N.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Henry, D.J., Shimizu,
R., Ogasawara, Y. and Ota, T. (2014) Maruyamaite, IMA
2013- 123. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 550;
Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
http://nrmima.nrm.se/CNMNC%20NEWSLETTER%2020.pdf

Yours,
Paul H.

Wednesday, 20 January 2016

Star’s Bizarre Optical Antics at Least a Century Old

Star’s Bizarre Optical Antics at Least a Century Old

Star’s bizarre optical antics go back at least a century.
Alien civilization still on the table as data comes out
of the archives. by John Timmer, Ars Technica, Jan. 19, 2016
http://arstechnica.com/science/2016/01/stars-bizarre-optical-antics-go-back-at-least-a-century/

KIC 8462852 Faded at an Average Rate of 0.165+-0.013
Magnitudes Per Century From 1890 To 1989 by Bradley
E. Schaefer (Submitted on 13 Jan 2016) rXiv:1601.03256v1
[astro-ph.SR] http://arxiv.org/abs/1601.03256

Yours,
Paul H.

Friday, 8 January 2016

Dance of the dinosaurs?

Dance of the dinosaurs?

Dance of the dinosaurs? Strange gouges hint at bird-like
mating rituals by Amina Khan, Los Angeles Times, Jan. 6, 2016
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-dinosaurs-mating-courtship-birds-20160107-story.html

Meat-Eating Dinosaurs Had Dancing Competitions Over Mates
by edd, Fossil forum, January 7, 2016
http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/60412-meat-eating-dinosaurs-had-dancing-competitions-over-mates/

Lockley, M. G., R. T. McCrea, L. G. Buckley, J. D. Lim, N. A. Matthews,
and many others, 2016, Theropod courtship: large scale physical
evidence of display arenas and avian-like scrape ceremony
behaviour by Cretaceous dinosaurs. Scientific Reports. vol. 6,
Article no: 18952 (2016) http://www.nature.com/articles/srep18952

Yours,
Paul H

Thursday, 7 January 2016

K-Pg Boundary Section In New Jersey

K-Pg Boundary Section In New Jersey

Behind a Shopping Center in New Jersey, Signs of a Mass
Extinction by Kenneth Chang, New York Times, Jan. 4, 2016.
http://nyti.ms/1ZKUijp

Paleontologists Dig up Prehistoric Fossils Behind New
Jersey Shopping Center, Yahoo News, Nov. 17, 2014
http://news.yahoo.com/paleontologist-dinosaur-new-jersey-strip-mall-extinction-165632314.html
https://web.archive.org/save/http://news.yahoo.com/paleontologist-dinosaur-new-jersey-strip-mall-extinction-165632314.html

An unrelated article about dinosaur tracks is:

Amateur Sleuths on the Dinosaur Trail
by David Mark Simpson, New York Times, Jan. 4, 2016
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/05/science/dinosaurs-amateur-paleontology-picketwire-canyon-colorado.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 3 January 2016

Online PDF files Of Monographs About Trilobites and Labrrea Tar Pits

Online PDF files Of Monographs About Trilobites and Labrrea Tar Pits

Happy New Year.

The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County has
PDF versions of its publications about their research
online. They included a monograph about Cambrian
trilobites and another about fossils from the La Brea
Tar Pits. They are:

Sundberg, Frederick A, 1994, Corynexochida and Ptychopariida
(Trilobita, Arthropoda) of the Ehmaniella Biozone (Middle Cambrian),
Utah and Nevada. Contributions in Science no. 446. Los Angeles :
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County,
http://www.nhm.org/site/sites/default/files/pdf/contrib_science/CS446.pdf
http://www.nhm.org/site/research-collections/research-tools/publications

Harris, J. M., ed., 2015, La Brea and Beyond: The Paleontology of
Asphalt-Preserved Biotas. Science Series no. 42. Los Angeles :
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County,
http://www.nhm.org/site/sites/default/files/pdf/contrib_science/lacm-42.pdf
http://www.nhm.org/site/research-collections/research-tools/publications

There are several more monographs about fossils at:
http://www.nhm.org/site/research-collections/research-tools/publications

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 31 December 2015

Forbidden Data: Wyoming Criminalized Citizen Science

Forbidden Data: Wyoming Criminalized Citizen Science

State legislatures do some weird stuff. - Wyoming, USA

Forbidden Data: Wyoming just criminalized
citizen science.by Justin Pidot, Slate
http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/05/wyoming_law_against_data_collection_protecting_ranchers_by_ignoring_the.html

Bill Text: WY SF0012
Bill Title: Trespassing to collect data.
https://legiscan.com/WY/text/SF0012/id/1151882

Wyoming Criminalizes Citizen Science
Courthouse News service, May 18, 2015
http://www.courthousenews.com/2015/05/18/wyoming-criminalizes-citizen-science.htm

You Can go to Jail For Doing Citizen
Science in Wyoming.Popular Science
http://www.popsci.com/you-can-go-jail-doing-citizen-science-wyoming

Wikipedia discussions
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizen_science#Limitations

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 25 December 2015

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water?

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water?

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water?
Astronomy Now, December 23, 2015
https://astronomynow.com/2015/12/23/gullies-on-mars-sculpted-by-dry-ice-rather-than-liquid-water/

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water
Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (CNRS/Université Paris-Sud)
Science Daily, December 22, 2015, http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/2671.htm
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151222082255.htm

Pilorget, C., and F. Forget, 2015, Formation of gullies on Mars by
debris flows triggered by CO2 sublimation. Nature Geoscience, 2015;
DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2619
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v9/n1/full/ngeo2619.html
Meeting abstract: http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2015/pdf/2471.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 20 December 2015

Review Paper About Extraterrestrial Rivers

Review Paper About Extraterrestrial Rivers

V. R. Baker, C. W. Hamilton, D. M. Burr, V. C. Gulick,
G. Komatsu, W. Luo, J. W. Rice, and J. A. P. Rodriguez
2015, Fluvial geomorphology on Earth-like planetary
surfaces: A review. Geomorphology, Vol. 245, pp. 149-182,
(September 2015) doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.05.002

Abstract at
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X1500255X

PDF file at either https://goo.gl/MnLNqP or https://goo.gl/dGBhDx

Yours,

Paul H

Life-style of 3 Billion-year-old Microbes, Barberton, South Africa, Tidalites

Life-style of 3 Billion-year-old Microbes, Barberton, South Africa, Tidalites

3 billion-year-old fossils show early microbes lived in cavities
Daily News, New Scientist, December 16, 2015
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28678-3-billion-year-old-fossils-show-early-microbes-lived-in-cavities/

Three billion-year-old fossils present early microbes lived
in cavities. Sun Journal Observer, December 18, 2015
http://www.sunnewsjournal.com/uncategorized/3-billion-year-old-fossils-show-early-microbes-lived-in-cavities/16816/

The Paper is:

Homann, M., C. Heubeck, T. R.R. Bontognali, A.-S. Bouvier,
L. P. Baumgartner, and A. Airo, 2015, Evidence for cavity-
dwelling microbial life in 3.22 Ga tidal deposits. Geology.
First published online December 4, 2015, doi: 10.1130/G37272.1
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/2015/12/04/G37272.1.abstract

A related paper is:

Homann, M., C. Heubeck, A. Airo, and M. M. Tice, 2015,
2015, Morphological adaptations of 3.22 Ga-old tufted
microbial mats to Archean coastal habitats (Moodies
Group, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa).
Precambrian Research, v. 266,,p. 47–64,
doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2015.04.018.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301926815001308

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 17 December 2015

Hunting for Meteorites in Antarctic Glaciers

Hunting for Meteorites in Antarctic Glaciers

Scientists Are Hunting for Preserved Meteorites in Antarctic Glaciers,
Motherboard
http://motherboard.vice.com/en_ca/read/scientists-are-hunting-for-preserved-meteorites-in-antarctic-glaciers

Space Rock Hunters Are About to Invade Antarctica Smithsonian, October,
5, 2015
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/space-rock-hunters-are-about-invade-antarctica-180956777/

An unrelated news article is:

Wild scientists: academics in their natural habitat – in pictures
The Guardian, Tamara Dean, November 16, 2015
http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/nov/17/wild-scientists-academics-in-their-natural-habitat-in-pictures

Yours,

Paul H

The Beautiful Art of Meteorite Science

The Beautiful Art of Meteorite Science

The Beautiful Art of Meteorite Science
by Becky Ferreira, Motherboard, February 23 2015
http://motherboard.vice.com/en_ca/read/the-beautiful-art-of-meteorite-science?

SciCafe Imaging Space rocks, American Museum of Natural
History Podcast: Download | RSS | iTunes (1 hour 10 mins, 101 MB)
http://www.amnh.org/podcast/media/2014-12-03_scicafe_space_rocks.mp3
http://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/podcasts/scicafe-imaging-space-rocks

Watch an abridged video of the lecture at:
http://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/podcasts/scicafe-imaging-space-rocks

Another article is:

Methane Found in Crushed Martian Meteorites Suggests Mars
Could Support Life by Matthew Braga, Motherboard, Canada
http://motherboard.vice.com/en_ca/read/methane-found-in-crushed-martian-meteorites-suggests-mars-could-support-life

Yours,

Paul H

Latest Rounds of Younger Dryas Impact Debate

Latest Rounds of Younger Dryas Impact Debate

Original Paper

Kennett, J. P., D. J. Kennett, B. J. Culleton, J. E. A. Tortosa,
J. L. Bischoff, T. E. Bunch, I. R. Daniel, Jr., J. M. Erlandson,
D. Ferraro, R. B. Firestone, A. C. Goodyear, I. Israde-
Alcántara, J. R. Johnson, J. F. J. Pardo, D. R. Kimbel, M. A.
LeCompte, N. H. Lopinot, W. C. Mahaney, A. M. T. Moore,
C. R. Moore, J. H. Ray, T. W. Stafford, Jr., K. B. Tankersley,
J. H. Wittkee, W. S. Wolbach, and A. West, 2015, Bayesian
chronological analyses consistent with synchronous age
of 12,835–12,735 Cal B.P. for Younger Dryas boundary
on four continents. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences of the United States. vol. 112, no. 32, E4344–E4353,
doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507146112

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/32/E4344.abstract

Supporting Data:
http://www.pnas.org/content/112/32/E4344/suppl/DCSupplemental

PDF:
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jon_Erlandson/publication/280494993_Bayesian_chronological_analyses_consistent_with_synchronous_age_of_1283512735_Cal_B.P._for_Younger_Dryas_boundary_on_four_continents/links/55b798f508ae092e96572497.pdf

and https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jon_Erlandson

Comments

Holliday, V. T., 2015, Problematic dating of claimed
Younger Dryas boundary impact proxies. Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States.
vol. 112, no. 49, E6721, 1 p., doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518945112

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/E6721.extract

Boslough, M., K. Nicoll, T. L. Daulton, A. C. Scott, P. Claeys,
J. L. Gill, J. R. Marlon, and Patrick J. Bartlein, 2015,
Incomplete Bayesian model rejects contradictory radiocarbon
data for being contradictory. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences of the United States. vol. 112, no. 49,
E6722, 1 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1519917112

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/E6722.extract

PDF:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284720738_Incomplete_Bayesian_model_rejects_contradictory_radiocarbon_data_for_being_contradictory
and
https://www.academia.edu/19298512/Incomplete_Bayesian_model_rejects_contradictory_radiocarbon_data_for_being_contradictory

Reply

Kennett, J. P., D. J. Kennett, B. J. Culleton, J. E. A.
Tortosa, T. E. Bunch, J. M. Erlandson, J. R. Johnson,
J. F. J. Pardo, M. A. LeCompte, W. C. Mahaney, K. B.
Tankersley, J. H. Wittke, W. S. Wolbach, and A. West, 2015,
Reply to Holliday and Boslough et al.: Synchroneity of
widespread Bayesian-modeled ages supports Younger Dryas
impact hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences of the United States vol. 112, no. 49, E6723-
E6724, 2 pp.; published ahead of print November 24, 2015.

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/E6723.extract

PDF:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284707332_Reply_to_Holliday_and_Boslough_et_al_Synchroneity_of_widespread_Bayesian-modeled_ages_supports_Younger_Dryas_impact_hypothesis

Other PDFs at:
1. https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Younger_Dryas_impact ,
2. https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Younger_Dryas_Boundary_Impact ,
and 3. https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Younger_Dryas_impact

Web page

Academic Bun Fight: the Pleistocene/Holocene Boundary
and the Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis. The Dragon's
Tales Ramblings of a Curiosity Seeker, November 29, 2015
http://thedragonstales.blogspot.com/2015/11/academic-bun-fight-pleistoceneholocene.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 16 December 2015

Ordovician Impact Ejecta From Northern Illinois?

Ordovician Impact Ejecta From Northern Illinois?

Today, I found the rather interesting abstract. I do not
know what to make of it. It would be interesting to see
if this material might possibly be contemporaneous
with the Scandinavian fossil meteorites when I have
time. the abstract is:

Read, W. F., 1986, Fragments of Rock from a Probable
Impact Ejecta Deposit in Ordovician Sediments of Northern
Illinois. Lunar and Planetary Science. vol. XVII, pp. 693-694.
Abstract. Bibliographic Code: 1986LPI....17..693R
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986LPI....17..693R
http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?1986LPI....17..693R&defaultprint=YES&filetype=.pdf

For an article about the Scandinavian fossil meteorites,
go see Tiny Traces of a Big Asteroid Breakup by Linda M. V.
Martel, Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Mar04/fossilMeteorites.html
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Mar04/PSRD-fossilMeteorites.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.