Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2017 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Friday, 27 November 2015

Canada's 1st Dimetrodon Solves P.E.I. Fossil Mystery

Canada's 1st Dimetrodon Solves P.E.I. Fossil Mystery

Canada's 1st dimetrodon solves P.E.I. fossil mystery
Bathygnathus borealis could force other dimetrodons
to change their name by Emily Chung, CBC News
https://web.archive.org/web/20151126192452/http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/pei-dimetrodon-1.3337072

Canuckosaur: First Canadian ‘dinosaur’ actually a
Dimetrodon by Michael Shulman, CTVNewsCA, Nov. 26, 2015
http://canadajournal.net/science/canuckosaur-first-canadian-dinosaur-actually-a-dimetrodon-38790-2015/
http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/first-canadian-dinosaur-actually-a-dimetrodon-1.2674795

An article is:

Degrace, J. R., 1992, Bathygnathus Comes Home.
The Island, no. 32, pp. 12-13.
http://vre2.upei.ca/islandmagazine/fedora/repository/vre%3Aislemag-batch2-428
http://vre2.upei.ca/islandmagazine/fedora/repository/vre:islemag-batch2-428/OBJ/05_Bathygnathus_comes_home_p_12-13.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 25 November 2015

Shortfall of 135,000 Trained Geoscientists Predicted

Shortfall of 135,000 Trained Geoscientists Predicted - Downloadable PDF

Cramer, B. D., K. J. Lewandowski, A. Goldstein, P. Asher, J. Ryan, D. I. Schofield, R. Buchanan, R. Denne, W. I.Ausich, T. R.A. Vandenbroucke, S. Lundy, T. Priest, and R. J. Clark,
2015, Who will build the 21st century? Addressing critical demographic gaps in the geosciences. GSA Today vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 36-37

Friday, 20 November 2015

New Map Of Earth's Groundwater Resources

New Map Of Earth's Groundwater Resources

Study is first to map Earth's hidden groundwater
University of Victoria, PhysOrg, November 16, 2015

http://phys.org/news/2015-11-earth-hidden-groundwater.html

Earth's hidden groundwater mapped: Less than
six per cent renewable within a human lifetime

University of Victoria, November 16, 2015
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151116120608.htm

Gleeson, T., K. M. Befus, S. Jasechko, E. Luijendijk,
and M. B. Cardenas, 2015, The global volume and
distribution of modern groundwater. Nature
Geoscience. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2590

http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2590.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Impact Origin of 775 AD Radiocarbon Spike (Anomaly) Disputed

Impact Origin of 775 AD Radiocarbon Spike (Anomaly) Disputed

Usoskin, I. G., and G. A. Kovaltsov, 2015, The carbon-14
spike in the 8th century was not caused by a cometary
impact on Earth. Icarus. vol. 260, pp. 475–476

Abstract at
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103514003200
PDF file at http://cc.oulu.fi/~usoskin/personal/Icarus_2015.pdf
and preprint at http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.5945 .

More Papers In List of publications: Ilya G. Usoskin at
http://cc.oulu.fi/~usoskin/personal/List.html

For background information about the 775 AD
Radiocarbon Spike, look at:

774–775 carbon-14 spike
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/774–775_carbon-14_spike

Jull, A. J. T., I. P. Panyushkina, T. E. Lange, V. V. Kukarskih,
V. S. Myglan, K. J. Clark, M. W. Salzer, G. S. Burr, and S. W.
Leavitt, 2014, Excursions in the 14C record at A.D. 774–775
in tree rings from Russia and America. Geophysical Research
Letters. vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 3004-3010.
Abstract at
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059874/abstract
PDF file at
http://www.geo.arizona.edu/sites/www.geo.arizona.edu/files/JullAGU.pdf

Neuhauser, R., and D. L. Neuhauser, 2011, Variations of
14C around AD 775 and AD 1795 – due to solar activity.
Astronomische Nachrichten / AN 999, no. 88, 789 – 813.
PDF at http://arxiv.org/pdf/1508.06745.pdf and
http://www.science-media.org/userfiles/87/presentations/87_presentation_33.pdf


This is my 9th try at posting this post. All of the previous
ones have disappeared into the ether never to seen of
acknowledged.

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 19 November 2015

Has the Earth been exposed to supernovae within the last 300 kyr?

Has the Earth been exposed to supernovae within the last 300 kyr?

Melott, A. L., I. G. Usoskin, G. A. Kovaltsov,
and C. M. Laird, 2015, Has the Earth been exposed
to numerous supernovae within the last 300 kyr?
International Journal of Astrobiology. 14(3):375–378
doi:10.1017/S1473550414000512

"ABSTRACT: We show that Firestone (2014) contains
numerous errors in the application of past research.
F14 overestimates likely nitrate and 14C production
from moderately nearby supernovae by about four
orders of magnitude. Moreover, the results are based on
wrongly selected (obsolete) nitrate and 14C datasets.
The use of correct and up-to- date datasets does not
confirm the claimed results. The claims in the paper
are invalidated."

PDF file at http://cc.oulu.fi/~usoskin/personal/Melott_2015.pdf
and http://arxiv.org/abs/1406.5141 .

Also, there is "Comment on: “Observation of 23
Supernovae that exploded <300 pc from Earth
during the past 300 kyr” by R.B. Firestone"
arXiv.org > astro-ph > arXiv:1406.5141v1
Astrophysics > Earth and Planetary Astrophysics at:
http://arxiv.org/abs/1406.5141v1 ,
http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Melott_A/0/1/0/all/0/1 ,
and
http://fermilab.voxcharta.org/2014/06/19/comment-on-observation-of-23-supernovae-that-exploded-300-pc-from-earth-during-the-past-300-kyr-by-r-b-firestone/

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 18 November 2015

Rethinking Supervolcanoes

Rethinking Supervolcanoes

Rethinking Supervolcanoes: Study Indicates We
Need to Monitor Potential Eruptions Differently
by Liz Ahlberg, Illinois News Bureau, November 2015
http://www.las.illinois.edu/news/2015/supervolcanoes15/

Patricia, M. G., E. B. Grosfils, and S. L. de Silva,
2015, Catastrophic caldera-forming eruptions II:
The subordinate role of magma buoyancy as an
eruption trigger. Journal of Volcanology and
Geothermal Research. vol. 305, pp. 100–113.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037702731500308X

Other paper no. 1

Supereruptions driven by magma buoyancy
European Research Council
http://critmag.org/2014/01/05/supereruptions-driven-by-magma-buoyancy/

Caricchi, L., C. J. Annen, J. D. Blundy, G. Simpson,
and V. Pinel, 2014, Frequency and magnitude of
volcanic eruptions controlled by magma injection
and buoyancy. Nature Geoscience.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2041.

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/259841938_Frequency_and_magnitude_of_volcanic_eruptions_controlled_by_magma_injection_and_buoyancy
http://www.academia.edu/13738087/Frequency_and_magnitude_of_volcanic_eruptions_controlled_by_magma_injection_and_buoyancy

Other paper no. 2

Karlstrom, L., H. M. Wright, and C. R. Bacon, 2015,
The effect of pressurized magma chamber growth on
melt migration and pre-caldera vent locations through
time at Mount Mazama, Crater Lake, Oregon. Earth
and Planetary Science Letters. vol. 412, pp. 209–219.
http://pages.uoregon.edu/leif/epsl_2015_Karlstrom.pdf
http://pages.uoregon.edu/leif/#!page-science

Other paper no. 3

Supereruptions triggered by melt buoyancy
by Simone Ulmer, News, July 6, 2014
https://www.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news/news/2014/01/supereruptions-triggered-by-melt-buoyancy.html

Malfait, W. J., R. Seifert, S. Petitgirard, J.-P, Perrillat,
M. Mezouar, T. Ota, E. Nakamura, P. Lerch, and
C. Sanchez-Valle, 2014, Supervolcano eruptions driven b
y melt buoyancy in large silicic magma chambers. Nature
Geoscience. vol. 7, pp. 122–125.
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v7/n2/full/ngeo2042.html
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/259572788_Supervolcano_eruptions_driven_by_melt_buoyancy_in_large_silicic_magma_chambers

Yours,

Paul H

Sunday, 15 November 2015

Evidence for Primordial Water in Earth’s Deep Mantle

Evidence for Primordial Water in Earth’s Deep Mantle

Was Earth's water actually here all along?
by Eva Botkin-Kowacki, Christian Science Monitor
http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2015/1112/Was-Earth-s-water-actually-here-since-the-very-beginning

UH researchers shed new light on the origins of Earth's water
UH System Current News, University of Hawai
http://www.ifa.hawaii.edu/info/press-releases/water-origins/

Baffin Island provides insights into origin of Earth's water
American Association for the Advancement of Science
SpaceRef, November 12, 2015
http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=47326

Earth may have kept its own water rather than getting
it from asteroids, Science /AAAS, November 12, 2015
http://news.sciencemag.org/earth/2015/11/earth-may-have-kept-its-own-water-rather-getting-it-asteroids

Earth's Water May Be as Old as the Earth Itself
by Sarah Zielinski, Smithsonian , November 12, 2015
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/ist/?next=/science-nature/earths-water-may-be-old-earth-itself-180957262/

The paper is:

Hallis, H. J., G. R. Huss, K. Nagashima, G. J. Taylor,
S. A. Halldórsson, D. R. Hilton, M. J. Mottl, and K. J.
Meech, 2015, Evidence for primordial water in Earth’s
deep mantle. Science, vol. 350, no. 6262, pp. 795-797.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/350/6262/795.short

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 14 November 2015

Mass Extinctions Hit Large Animals the Hardest

Mass Extinctions Hit Large Animals the Hardest

Mass extinctions hit large animals the hardest: Small
vertebrates flourish after ctastrophes, Daily Mail
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3315741/Mass-extinctions-hit-large-animals-hardest-Small-vertebrates-flourish-deadly-global-catastrophes.html

Mass extinctions don't favor large vertebrates,
Science Codex, November 12, 2105
http://www.sciencecodex.com/mass_extinctions_dont_favor_large_vertebrates-169695

Ancient mass extinction led to dominance of tiny fish
University of Pennsylvania, PhysOrg, November 12, 2015
http://phys.org/news/2015-11-ancient-mass-extinction-dominance-tiny.html

After Mass Extinction: Just Animals at Extremes
Discovery News, November 12, 2105
http://news.discovery.com/animals/sharks/after-mass-extinction-just-animals-at-extremes-151112.htm

Sallan, L., and A. K. Galimberti, 2015, Body-size
reduction in vertebrates following the end-Devonian
mass extinction. Science. vol. 350, no. 6262, pp. 812-815.
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/350/6262/812

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 13 November 2015

Online Guides to Scandinavian and Baltic impact Structures and Fossils

Online Guides to Scandinavian and Baltic impact Structures and Fossils

I recently found a few online guides to Scandinavian and
Baltic impact structures. They are:

Lindström, M. B. Schmitz, E. Sturkell, and J. Ormö, 2008,
Palaeozoic impact craters, 33 IGC excursion No 10, August
15 – 20, 2008. Naturhistorisk Museum, University of Oslo,
Oslo, Norway.
http://iugs.org/33igc/fileshare/filArkivRoot/coco/FieldGuides/No%2010%20Palaeozoic%20Impact%20Craters.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20150224171201/http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c5006-p5001-o12059-l1-p5003.html
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c5006-p5001-o12059-l1-p5003.html

Kalleson, E., T. Jahren and H. Dypvik, 2008. Excursion
guide to Gardnos meteorite crater (Norway). 33 IGC
excursion No 10, August 15 – 20, 2008. Naturhistorisk
Museum, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c11010-p5006-o10530-l9-p5003.html
PDF file:
http://iugs.org/33igc/fileshare/filArkivRoot/coco/FieldGuides/No+102+Gardnos+field+guide[1].pdf
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/228646509_Excursion_guide_to_Gardnos_meteorite_crater

Willman, S., J. Plado, A. Raukas, and H. Bauert, 2010,
Meteorite impact craters – geotourism in the central
Baltic. NGO GEOGuide Baltoscandia. Uppsala University
and University of Tartu, Tallinn.
http://www.centralbalticgeotourism.eu/travelguides/book_cbmeteoritecraters.html
PDF file:
http://www.centralbalticgeotourism.eu/resources/pdfs/metcraters_100dpi_web_s.pdf

Geotourism on Central Baltic islands
http://www.centralbalticgeotourism.eu/travelguides.html

For the fossil hunters on the list, there also are guides
related to the fossils of Scandinavia Region.

Bruton, D. L., and J. F. Bockelie, 2008, Classical fossil
localities in the Oslo area, 33 IGC Excursion, No 104,
August 10th, 2008. Naturhistorisk Museum, University
of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c5006-p5001-o12059-l1-p5003.html
PDF file:
http://iugs.org/33igc/fileshare/filArkivRoot/coco/FieldGuides/No%20104%20Classical%20Fossil%20Localities.pdf
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c11010-p5006-o10530-l9-p5003.html
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/LayoutPage-c11694-p5097.html

Larsen, B. T., and and S. Olaussen, 2008, The
Palaeozoic geology of the Oslo Region, The Outer
Oslofjord area. Notess to the localities, map and photos
33 IGC Excursion, No. 25A. Friday, August 8th, 2008.
Naturhistorisk Museum, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/LayoutPage-c11740-p5101.html
PDF file:
http://iugs.org/33igc/fileshare/filArkivRoot/coco/FieldGuides/No_25a_Endagsekskursjon_ytre_Oslofjord_7_8_2008.pdf
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c11010-p5006-o11778-l6-p5003.html

Bockelie, J. B., B. T. Larsen, and S. Olaussen, 2008,

The Palaeozoic geology of the Oslo Region, The Inner
Oslofjord area 33. IGC Excursion, No. 25B. Friday,
August 12th, 2008. Naturhistorisk Museum, University
of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/LayoutPage-c11740-p5101.html
PDF file:
http://iugs.org/33igc/fileshare/filArkivRoot/coco/FieldGuides/No_25(b)_Endagsekskursjon_indre_Oslofjord_12_8_2008_versjon_3.pdf
http://iugs.org/33igc/coco/EntryPage-c11010-p5006-o11778-l6-p5003.html

Mikael Calner, Per Ahlberg, Oliver Lehnert & Mikael
Erlström,2013, The Lower Palaeozoic of southern Sweden
and the Oslo Region, Norway: Field Guide for the 3rd
Annual Meeting of the IGCP project 591. Sveriges
geologiska undersökning, Oslo, Norway.
http://www.geology.lu.se/mikael-erlstrom/publication/4178760
PDF file: http://resource.sgu.se/produkter/rm/rm133-rapport.pdf
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/275152913_Calner_M._et_al._(2013)_The_Lower_Palaeozoic_of_southern_Sweden_and_the_Oslo_Region_Norway_..._IGCP_591

Budd, G. E., T. Meidla, and S. Willman, 2011, Fossils
& Rocks – geotourism in the central Baltic. c NGO
GEOGuide Baltoscandia. Departmnet of Earth Sciences,
Uppsala University, Tallinn.
http://www.centralbalticgeotourism.eu/travelguides/book_fossils.html
PDF File:
http://www.centralbalticgeotourism.eu/resources/pdfs/fossils_100dpi_web_s.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 9 November 2015

Bangkok Bolide Puzzles Pilot

Bangkok Bolide Puzzles Pilot

Bright greenish flash while in Yangon FIR
http://www.pprune.org/rumours-news/570027-bright-greenish-flash-while-yangon-fir.html

Rumours & News Forum, PPRuNe Forums
(The Professional Pilots Rumour Network).
http://www.pprune.org/rumours-news-13/

Your

Paul H.

Re: [meteorite-list] Asteroid, Meteorite Impacts Can Preserve Biodata for Millions of Years

Re: [meteorite-list] Asteroid, Meteorite Impacts Can Preserve Biodata for Millions of Years

Ron Baalke posted:

>
http://www.sci-news.com/geology/science-asteroid-meteorite-impacts-biodata-01867.html
>
>Asteroid, Meteorite Impacts Can Preserve Biodata
>for Millions of Years Sci-News.com Apr 18, 2014

the paper is:

Howard, K. T., M. J. Bailey, D. Berhanu, P. A. Bland,
G. Cressey, L. E. Howard, C. Jeynes, R. Matthewman,
Z. Martins, Mark A. Sephton, Vlad Stolojan, and S.
Verchovsky, 2013, Biomass preservation in impact
melt ejecta. Nature Geoscience vol. 6, pp. 1018–1022.
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v6/n12/full/ngeo1996.html
PDF file at
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/260208850_Biomass_preservation_in_impact_melt_ejecta

A related paper is:

How Asteroid Strikes Preserved Signs of Ancient
Life, Adam Mann, Wired Magazine, 2015
https://web.archive.org/web/20150323170849/http://www.wired.com/2014/04/asteroid-impact-amber

The paper is;

Schultz, P. H., R. S. Harris , S. J. Clemett, K. L.
Thomas-Keprta, and M. Zárate, 2015, Preserved
flora and organics in impact melt breccias Geology,
published online on 15 April 2014 as doi:10.1130/G35343.1
http://geology.gsapubs

Yours,

Paul H.

New Hypothesis Proposed for Three Mass Extinctions

New Hypothesis Proposed for Three Mass Extinctions

New Cause Behind Three Mysterious Mass Extinctions
Revealed, The Fossil forum, November 7, 2015
http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/58887-new-cause-behind-three-mysterious-mass-extinctions-revealed

Long, J. A., R. R. Large, M. S.Y. Lee, M. J. Benton,
L. V. Danyushevsky, L. M. Chiappe, J. A. Halpin,
D. Cantrill, ND B. Lottermoser, 2015, Severe selenium
depletion in the Phanerozoic oceans as a factor in
three global mass extinction events. Gondwana
Research. Available online 17 October 2015
In Press, Corrected Proof — Note to users
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1342937X1500235X

Yours.

Paul H.

Saturday, 7 November 2015

Extinction of Megafauna in the Ice-Age Arctic

Extinction of Megafauna in the Ice-Age Arctic

Ice-age lesson: Large mammals need room
to roam, Physorg, November 2, 2015
https://web.archive.org/web/20151104014108/http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-11/uoaf-ill110215.php
http://news.uaf.edu/ice_age_mammals/

Mann, D. H., P. Groves, R. E. Reanier, B. V.
Gaglioti, M. L. Kunz, and B. Shapiro, 2015,
Life and extinction of megafauna in the
ice-age Arctic. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1516573112
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/10/28/1516573112.abstract?sid=13e9e0b1-af5b-4e68-87e4-59ec3889ea66
PDF:
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/10/28/1516573112.full.pdf?with-ds=yes

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 2 November 2015

Online Guidebooks to Canadian Fossils and Geology

Online Guidebooks to Canadian Fossils and Geology

Hi,

Recently, I came across a couple of field trip guidebooks
about fossils and geology of areas within Quebec and
Ontario,Canada. The first guidebook is:

Hofmann, H. J., and and M. D. Chartier, 2006, Canadian
Paleontology Conference Field Trip Guidebook No. 11
Canadian Paleontology Conference, Redpath Museum,
McGill University, Montreal (QC) October 13–16, 2006

It contains Field Trip A - "Stratigraphy of the Montreal area"
by H.J. Hofmann and Field Trip B - "Fossils of the Champlain
Sea." the Redpath Museum, and the Saint-Nicolas site by
M. D. Chartier and M.E. Cournoyer

It is at
http://www.academia.edu/2780812/Canadian_Paleontology_Conference_Field_Trip_Guidebook_No._11
and citation at http://www.gac.ca/publications/view_pub.php?id=188

The second guidebook is:

Frank R. Brunton, Elizabeth Turner and Derek Armstrong,
2009, A Guide to the Paleozoic Geology and Fossils of
Manitoulin Island and northern Bruce Peninsula, Ontario,
Canada. Canadian Paleontology Conference Field Trip
Guidebook No. 14, 76 pp., SBN 978-1-897095-45-4

It is
at:https://www.academia.edu/7132983/A_Guide_to_the_Paleozoic_Geology_and_Fossils_of_Manitoulin_Island_and_northern_Bruce_Peninsula_Ontario_Canada

I found them in Google Advanced Search using
"guidebook geology site:https://www.academia.edu/”

Also, using in Google Search: "Friends of Pleistocene guidebook
site:https://www.academia.edu/" yields some interesting results.

Finally there is “Hunting for Whales in Eastern Ontario,” Fossils
and Geology of Lanark County, Ontario, Friday, 24 April 2015,
http://fossilslanark.blogspot.com/2015/04/hunting-for-whales-in-eastern-ontario_24.html

and Fossils and Geology of Lanark County, Ontario
http://fossilslanark.blogspot.com

Yours,

Paul H.