Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2017 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Thursday, 31 December 2015

Forbidden Data: Wyoming Criminalized Citizen Science

Forbidden Data: Wyoming Criminalized Citizen Science

State legislatures do some weird stuff. - Wyoming, USA

Forbidden Data: Wyoming just criminalized
citizen science.by Justin Pidot, Slate
http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/05/wyoming_law_against_data_collection_protecting_ranchers_by_ignoring_the.html

Bill Text: WY SF0012
Bill Title: Trespassing to collect data.
https://legiscan.com/WY/text/SF0012/id/1151882

Wyoming Criminalizes Citizen Science
Courthouse News service, May 18, 2015
http://www.courthousenews.com/2015/05/18/wyoming-criminalizes-citizen-science.htm

You Can go to Jail For Doing Citizen
Science in Wyoming.Popular Science
http://www.popsci.com/you-can-go-jail-doing-citizen-science-wyoming

Wikipedia discussions
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizen_science#Limitations

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 25 December 2015

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water?

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water?

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water?
Astronomy Now, December 23, 2015
https://astronomynow.com/2015/12/23/gullies-on-mars-sculpted-by-dry-ice-rather-than-liquid-water/

Gullies on Mars sculpted by dry ice rather than liquid water
Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (CNRS/Université Paris-Sud)
Science Daily, December 22, 2015, http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/2671.htm
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/12/151222082255.htm

Pilorget, C., and F. Forget, 2015, Formation of gullies on Mars by
debris flows triggered by CO2 sublimation. Nature Geoscience, 2015;
DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2619
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v9/n1/full/ngeo2619.html
Meeting abstract: http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2015/pdf/2471.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 20 December 2015

Review Paper About Extraterrestrial Rivers

Review Paper About Extraterrestrial Rivers

V. R. Baker, C. W. Hamilton, D. M. Burr, V. C. Gulick,
G. Komatsu, W. Luo, J. W. Rice, and J. A. P. Rodriguez
2015, Fluvial geomorphology on Earth-like planetary
surfaces: A review. Geomorphology, Vol. 245, pp. 149-182,
(September 2015) doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.05.002

Abstract at
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X1500255X

PDF file at either https://goo.gl/MnLNqP or https://goo.gl/dGBhDx

Yours,

Paul H

Life-style of 3 Billion-year-old Microbes, Barberton, South Africa, Tidalites

Life-style of 3 Billion-year-old Microbes, Barberton, South Africa, Tidalites

3 billion-year-old fossils show early microbes lived in cavities
Daily News, New Scientist, December 16, 2015
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28678-3-billion-year-old-fossils-show-early-microbes-lived-in-cavities/

Three billion-year-old fossils present early microbes lived
in cavities. Sun Journal Observer, December 18, 2015
http://www.sunnewsjournal.com/uncategorized/3-billion-year-old-fossils-show-early-microbes-lived-in-cavities/16816/

The Paper is:

Homann, M., C. Heubeck, T. R.R. Bontognali, A.-S. Bouvier,
L. P. Baumgartner, and A. Airo, 2015, Evidence for cavity-
dwelling microbial life in 3.22 Ga tidal deposits. Geology.
First published online December 4, 2015, doi: 10.1130/G37272.1
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/2015/12/04/G37272.1.abstract

A related paper is:

Homann, M., C. Heubeck, A. Airo, and M. M. Tice, 2015,
2015, Morphological adaptations of 3.22 Ga-old tufted
microbial mats to Archean coastal habitats (Moodies
Group, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa).
Precambrian Research, v. 266,,p. 47–64,
doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2015.04.018.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301926815001308

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 17 December 2015

Hunting for Meteorites in Antarctic Glaciers

Hunting for Meteorites in Antarctic Glaciers

Scientists Are Hunting for Preserved Meteorites in Antarctic Glaciers,
Motherboard
http://motherboard.vice.com/en_ca/read/scientists-are-hunting-for-preserved-meteorites-in-antarctic-glaciers

Space Rock Hunters Are About to Invade Antarctica Smithsonian, October,
5, 2015
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/space-rock-hunters-are-about-invade-antarctica-180956777/

An unrelated news article is:

Wild scientists: academics in their natural habitat – in pictures
The Guardian, Tamara Dean, November 16, 2015
http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/nov/17/wild-scientists-academics-in-their-natural-habitat-in-pictures

Yours,

Paul H

The Beautiful Art of Meteorite Science

The Beautiful Art of Meteorite Science

The Beautiful Art of Meteorite Science
by Becky Ferreira, Motherboard, February 23 2015
http://motherboard.vice.com/en_ca/read/the-beautiful-art-of-meteorite-science?

SciCafe Imaging Space rocks, American Museum of Natural
History Podcast: Download | RSS | iTunes (1 hour 10 mins, 101 MB)
http://www.amnh.org/podcast/media/2014-12-03_scicafe_space_rocks.mp3
http://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/podcasts/scicafe-imaging-space-rocks

Watch an abridged video of the lecture at:
http://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/podcasts/scicafe-imaging-space-rocks

Another article is:

Methane Found in Crushed Martian Meteorites Suggests Mars
Could Support Life by Matthew Braga, Motherboard, Canada
http://motherboard.vice.com/en_ca/read/methane-found-in-crushed-martian-meteorites-suggests-mars-could-support-life

Yours,

Paul H

Latest Rounds of Younger Dryas Impact Debate

Latest Rounds of Younger Dryas Impact Debate

Original Paper

Kennett, J. P., D. J. Kennett, B. J. Culleton, J. E. A. Tortosa,
J. L. Bischoff, T. E. Bunch, I. R. Daniel, Jr., J. M. Erlandson,
D. Ferraro, R. B. Firestone, A. C. Goodyear, I. Israde-
Alcántara, J. R. Johnson, J. F. J. Pardo, D. R. Kimbel, M. A.
LeCompte, N. H. Lopinot, W. C. Mahaney, A. M. T. Moore,
C. R. Moore, J. H. Ray, T. W. Stafford, Jr., K. B. Tankersley,
J. H. Wittkee, W. S. Wolbach, and A. West, 2015, Bayesian
chronological analyses consistent with synchronous age
of 12,835–12,735 Cal B.P. for Younger Dryas boundary
on four continents. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences of the United States. vol. 112, no. 32, E4344–E4353,
doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507146112

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/32/E4344.abstract

Supporting Data:
http://www.pnas.org/content/112/32/E4344/suppl/DCSupplemental

PDF:
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jon_Erlandson/publication/280494993_Bayesian_chronological_analyses_consistent_with_synchronous_age_of_1283512735_Cal_B.P._for_Younger_Dryas_boundary_on_four_continents/links/55b798f508ae092e96572497.pdf

and https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jon_Erlandson

Comments

Holliday, V. T., 2015, Problematic dating of claimed
Younger Dryas boundary impact proxies. Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States.
vol. 112, no. 49, E6721, 1 p., doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518945112

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/E6721.extract

Boslough, M., K. Nicoll, T. L. Daulton, A. C. Scott, P. Claeys,
J. L. Gill, J. R. Marlon, and Patrick J. Bartlein, 2015,
Incomplete Bayesian model rejects contradictory radiocarbon
data for being contradictory. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences of the United States. vol. 112, no. 49,
E6722, 1 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1519917112

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/E6722.extract

PDF:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284720738_Incomplete_Bayesian_model_rejects_contradictory_radiocarbon_data_for_being_contradictory
and
https://www.academia.edu/19298512/Incomplete_Bayesian_model_rejects_contradictory_radiocarbon_data_for_being_contradictory

Reply

Kennett, J. P., D. J. Kennett, B. J. Culleton, J. E. A.
Tortosa, T. E. Bunch, J. M. Erlandson, J. R. Johnson,
J. F. J. Pardo, M. A. LeCompte, W. C. Mahaney, K. B.
Tankersley, J. H. Wittke, W. S. Wolbach, and A. West, 2015,
Reply to Holliday and Boslough et al.: Synchroneity of
widespread Bayesian-modeled ages supports Younger Dryas
impact hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences of the United States vol. 112, no. 49, E6723-
E6724, 2 pp.; published ahead of print November 24, 2015.

Abstract: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/49/E6723.extract

PDF:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284707332_Reply_to_Holliday_and_Boslough_et_al_Synchroneity_of_widespread_Bayesian-modeled_ages_supports_Younger_Dryas_impact_hypothesis

Other PDFs at:
1. https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Younger_Dryas_impact ,
2. https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Younger_Dryas_Boundary_Impact ,
and 3. https://www.academia.edu/Documents/in/Younger_Dryas_impact

Web page

Academic Bun Fight: the Pleistocene/Holocene Boundary
and the Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis. The Dragon's
Tales Ramblings of a Curiosity Seeker, November 29, 2015
http://thedragonstales.blogspot.com/2015/11/academic-bun-fight-pleistoceneholocene.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 16 December 2015

Ordovician Impact Ejecta From Northern Illinois?

Ordovician Impact Ejecta From Northern Illinois?

Today, I found the rather interesting abstract. I do not
know what to make of it. It would be interesting to see
if this material might possibly be contemporaneous
with the Scandinavian fossil meteorites when I have
time. the abstract is:

Read, W. F., 1986, Fragments of Rock from a Probable
Impact Ejecta Deposit in Ordovician Sediments of Northern
Illinois. Lunar and Planetary Science. vol. XVII, pp. 693-694.
Abstract. Bibliographic Code: 1986LPI....17..693R
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986LPI....17..693R
http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?1986LPI....17..693R&defaultprint=YES&filetype=.pdf

For an article about the Scandinavian fossil meteorites,
go see Tiny Traces of a Big Asteroid Breakup by Linda M. V.
Martel, Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Mar04/fossilMeteorites.html
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Mar04/PSRD-fossilMeteorites.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.



Did Chicxulub Impact Trigger Global, Lethal Algal Bloom?

Did Chicxulub Impact Trigger Global, Lethal Algal Bloom?

Dino-Killing Asteroid Impact Triggered Lethal Algal Bloom
by Laura Geggel, Live Science, December 14, 2015
http://www.livescience.com/53075-asteroid-marine-extinction.html

Dinosaur-killing asteroid may have caused global algal
bloom, marine extinction Posted by Lillian Steenblik
Hwang, AGU Blogosphere, Dcemebr 4, 2015
http://blogs.agu.org/geospace/2015/12/04/11769/

The paper is:

Parkos, D., A. Alexeenko, M. Kulakhmetov, B. C. Johnson,
H. J. Melosh, 2015, NOx production and rainout from
Chicxulub impact ejecta reentry. First published:
12 December 2015, DOI: 10.1002/2015JE004857
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JE004857/full

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 15 December 2015

Impact Origin of Archean Cratons

Impact Origin of Archean Cratons

Impact origin of archean cratons: Learning from Venus
PhysOrg, August 28, 2015
http://phys.org/news/2015-08-impact-archean-cratons-venus.html
http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2015082813370021.html

Hansen, V. L., 2015, Impact origin of Archean cratons
Lithosphere, October 2015, vol. 7, p0. 563-578, doi:10.1130/L371.1
http://lithosphere.geoscienceworld.org/content/7/5/563.abstract

a related paper is:

Ingle, S., and M. F. Coffin, 2004, Impact origin for the greater
Ontong Java Plateau?: Earth and Planetary Science Letters,
v. 218, p. 123–134, doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03) 00629-0.

PDF file at:http://www.mantleplumes.org/WebDocuments/Ingle_Coffin_EPSL04.pdf
Also see http://www.mantleplumes.org/OJ_Impact.html

and

Hansen, V. L., 2006, Geologic constraints on crustal plateau
surface histories, Venus: The lava pond and bolide impact
hypotheses, Journal Geophysical Research. vol. 111,
E11010, 22 pp., doi:10.1029/2006JE002714.

PDF file at:
http://www.d.umn.edu/dees/research/planetaryLab/documents/HansenJGR06.pdf

Another article about extraterrestrial impacts:

Meteorite Impacts on Early Oceans May Have Created
DNA Building Blocks, Sci-News, August 18, 2015,
http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/chemistry/science-meteorite-impacts-oceans-dna-03143.html
http://www.astrobio.net/topic/origins/origin-and-evolution-of-life/meteorite-impacts-can-create-dna-building-blocks/

Furukawa Y., H. Nakazawa, T. Sekine T. Kobayashi, and T. Kakegawa,
2015, Nucleobases and amino acids formation through impacts of
meteorites on the early ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
vol. 429, pp. 216–222.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X15004926


Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 13 December 2015

New Paper About Impact Origin of and Crater Location for Stac Fada Member (Scotland)

New Paper About Impact Origin of and Crater Location for Stac Fada Member (Scotland)

Since 2008, there has been an ongoing discussion about
whether the Stac Fada Member of the Stoer Formation of
the northwest coast of Scotland as to whether it is the
result of either a volcanic caldera eruption or an
extraterrestrial impact. Earlier, it was argued to be either
a fluidised peperite or a volcanic mudflow. The most recent
paper supports the impact origin of the Stac Fada Member
and proposes the location for a possible impact crater
beneath Scotland. It is:

Simms, M. J., 2015, The Stac Fada impact ejecta deposit
and the Lairg Gravity Low: evidence for a buried
Precambrian impact crater in Scotland? Proceedings of
the Geologists' Association. vol. 126, no. 6, pp. 742-761.
Abstract at
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001678781500098X

Online, there is:

Hossain, Md. S., 2015, Quantification of Impact-Induced
Structures: An Analysis of Stress- and Scale-Dependence of
Brittle Deformation Processes. unpublished PhD.
Technischen Universität München, Munich, Germany
https://mediatum.ub.tum.de/doc/1256336/1256336.pdf

and

Saunders, N. J., K. Amor, S. P. Hesselbo, and D. Porcelli,
2015, Geochemistry of a Precambrian impactite: The
Stac Fada Member, NW Scotland. Goldschmidt 2015 Abstracts
http://goldschmidt.info/2015/uploads/abstracts/finalPDFs/2776.pdf

Meteorite impact and PGEs in Scotland
Christopher Spencer, Traveling Geologist, 2013,
http://www.travelinggeologist.com/2013/05/meteorite-impact-and-pges-in-scotland/­­­­

A shocking discovery in Scotland with Tim Johnson
Christopher Spencer, Traveling Mineralogist, 2015,
http://www.travelinggeologist.com/2015/10/a-shocking-discovery-in-scotland-with-tim-johnson/

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 6 December 2015

The Extinction of the Dinosaurs - Open Access Paper

The Extinction of the Dinosaurs - Open Access Paper

Brusatte, S. L., R. J. Butler, P. M. Barrett, M. T. Carrano, D. C. Evans,
G. T. Lloyd, P. D. Mannion, M. A. Norell, D. J. Peppe, P. Upchurch, and
T. E. Williamson, 2015, The extinction of the dinosaurs. Biological
reviews. vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 628-642.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/brv.12128/full
PDF file at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/brv.12128/epdf
Abstract at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/brv.12128/abstract

Yours,

Paul H

Middle Jurassic Sauropod Tracks, Isle of Skye in Scotland

Middle Jurassic Sauropod Tracks, Isle of Skye in Scotland

Before There Were Tourists, Dinosaurs Strolled
Scotland's Isle Of Skye, Joe Palca, All Things,
Considered, NPR, December 4, 2015
http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/12/01/458048445/before-there-were-tourists-dinosaurs-strolled-scotlands-isle-of-skye

Hundreds of dinosaur tracks found in Scottish island
of Skye by John Ross, The Australian, December 2, 2015
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/hundreds-of-dinosaur-tracks-found-in-scottish-island-of-skye/story-e6frg6so-1227630281293

The open access paper is:
Brusatte, S. L., T. J. Challands, D. A. Ross, and M.
Wilkinson (2015) Sauropod dinosaur trackways in
a Middle Jurassic lagoon on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.
Scottish Journal of Geology (advance online publication)
http://sjg.lyellcollection.org/content/early/2015/11/18/sjg2015-005.abstract

Open Access PDF at
http://sjg.lyellcollection.org/content/early/2015/11/18/sjg2015-005.full.pdf+html

Yours,
Paul H.

How wind sculpted Earth's largest dust deposit (Chinese Loess)

How wind sculpted Earth's largest dust deposit (Chinese Loess)

How wind sculpted Earth's largest dust deposit
University of Arizona, September 1, 2015
http://phys.org/news/2015-09-sculpted-earth-largest-deposit.html and
https://uanews.arizona.edu/story/how-wind-sculpted-the-earth-s-largest-dust-deposit

From dust to dust: Quaternary wind erosion of the Mu
Us Desert and Loess Plateau, China by Alicia, university
of Arizona, http://www.geo.arizona.edu/node/592

Abstract at
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/2015/07/28/G36724.1.abstract

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 5 December 2015

Review of "Magician of the Gods”

Review of "Magician of the Gods”

Jason Colavito has published a comprehensive review of
the much touted, by some parties, “Magician of the Gods.”

The review is “Review of Magician of the Gods” by Jason
Colavito at:
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/magicians-of-the-gods-review.html#.VmJpR4SoWdg

Other related articles by Jason Colavito are:

Graham Hancock May Not Be Aware His New Book Is About
Watchers and Nephilim, Jason Colavito blog, July 30, 2015
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/graham-hancock-may-not-be-aware-his-new-book-is-about-watchers-and-nephilim

Graham Hancock's Bizarre Attack on Me, Jason Colavito blog,
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/graham-hancocks-bizarre-attack-on-me

Graham Hancock's "Mysterious Universe" Pity Party, Jason
Colavito blog, October 9, 2015
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/graham-hancocks-mysterious-universe-pity-party

Sociologist Claims "Hubris" of Archaeology Resulted in
Conspiracy to Silence Graham Hancock, Jason Colavito
blog, November 13, 2015
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/sociologist-claims-hubris-of-archaeology-resulted-in-conspiracy-to-silence-graham-hancock

Graham Hancock Accuses Media of "Almost a Deliberate
Misinformation Campaign" to Discredit Him, Jason Colavito
blog, November 3, 2015
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/graham-hancock-accuses-media-of-almost-a-deliberate-misinformation-campaign-to-discredit-him

Graham Hancock: Buy My Book to "Put One Finger Up to the
Mainstream" Jason Colavito blog, Nov. 22, 2015
http://www.jasoncolavito.com/blog/graham-hancock-buy-my-book-to-put-one-finger-up-to-the-mainstream

I have purchased my own copy of Magician of the Gods. So far,
it is quite remarkable how both Graham Hancock and Randall
Carlson both either overlook or just ignore the abundance of
published research and evidence that utterly demolishes their
ideas about the Palouse Loess and the Channeled Scablands being
the result of a single massive flood created by catastrophic impact.

Yours,

Paul H.

Sept. 25, 1955 Article About 1954 Alabama Meteorite Strike

Sept. 25, 1955 Article About 1954 Alabama Meteorite Strike

Meteorite strikes Elizabeth Hodges, a woman from
Alabama in 1954, New York Daily News, November 30, 2015
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/meteorite-strikes-woman-alabama-1954-article-1.2450664

Yours,
Paul H.

Argentine police recover 2.5 tons of meteorite pieces

Argentine police recover 2.5 tons of meteorite pieces

Argentine police recover 2.5 tons of meteorite pieces
AFP-JIJI, The Japan Times, November 27, 2015
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/11/27/world/crime-legal-world/argentine-police-recover-2-5-tons-meteorite-pieces/

Yours,

Paul H.