Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2017 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Monday, 21 March 2016

Does Antarctica Have A Hidden Layer Of Iron Meteorites Below Its Surface?

Does Antarctica Have A Hidden Layer Of Iron Meteorites Below Its Surface?

Does Antarctica Have A Hidden Layer Of Meteorites Below
Its Surface? Universe Today
http://www.universetoday.com/127492/does-antarctica-have-a-hidden-layer-of-meteorites-below-its-surface/

Iron meteorites 'buried in Antarctica' by the Sun, BBC News
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-35587680

UCC graduate solves meteorite mystery that puzzled
scientists for decades by Olivia Kelleher, March 10, 2016
http://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/video-ucc-graduate-solves-meteorite-mystery-that-puzzled-scientists-for-decades-386463.html

"A former physics graduate from UCC has solved a mystery
that has puzzled planetary scientists and Antarctic explorers
for decades."

The paper is:

Evatt, G. W., M. J. Coughlan, K. H. Joy, A. R. D. Smedley, P. J.
Connolly, and I. D. Abrahams, 2016 A potential hidden layer
of meteorites below the ice surface of Antarctica. Nature
Communications 7, Article number: 10679 doi:10.1038/ncomms10679
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160216/ncomms10679/full/ncomms10679.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 20 March 2016

Forest Circles, Natural Circular Features Resulting From Self-Organizing Processes

Forest Circles, Natural Circular Features Resulting From Self-Organizing Processes

Natural processes, other than impacts, can also cause circular
features seen in aerial photography and other imagery. Forest
circles are an example of a circular feature create by the
interaction of geology with plants. Go read:

Brauneder, K., S. M. Hamilton, and K. Hattori, 2016,
Geochemical processes in the formation of ‘forest rings’:
examples of reduced chimney formation in the absence of
mineral deposits. Geochemistry Exploration Environment.
vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 2015-2360. DOI: 10.1144/geochem2015-360
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292337890_Geochemical_processes_in_the_formation_of_%27forest_rings%27_Examples_of_reduced_chimney_formation_in_the_absence_of_mineral_deposits
http://geea.geoscienceworld.org/content/early/2016/01/19/geochem2015-360.abstract

More information in:

Hamilton, S.M., Burt, A.K., Hattori, K.H. & Shirota, J. 2004a.
The distribution and source of forest ring-related methane
in northeastern Ontario. In: Summary of Fieldwork and Other
Activities, 2004. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report
no. 6145, pp. 21-1–21-6.
http://www.geologyontario.mndmf.gov.on.ca/mndmaccess/mndm_dir.asp?type=pub&id=ofr6145
http://www.mndm.gov.on.ca/en/news/mines-and-minerals/summary-field-work-and-other-activities-2004

Hamilton, S.M. & Hattori, K.H. 2008. Spontaneous potential
and redox responses over a forest ring. Geophysics. vol. 37,
pp. B67–B75.
http://mysite.science.uottawa.ca/khattori/Hamilton-SP-Geophysics2008.pdf

Brauneder, K., Keiko H. Hattori, and G. Southam, 2009,
Investigation of physical, chemical and microbiological
processes in the development of forest rings in Ontario.
Abstract, International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, 2009
https://www.academia.edu/16757327/Investigation_of_physical_chemical_and_microbiological_processes_in_the_development_of_forest_rings_in_Ontario

The mysterious forest rings of northern Ontario
by Elle Andra-Warner, May 21, 2008, CBC,
http://www.cbc.ca/news2/background/tech/science/forest-rings.html

More PDF files about Canadian rocks, minerals, and ores at:
http://mysite.science.uottawa.ca/khattori/surfaceDispersion.html
http://mysite.science.uottawa.ca/khattori/chalcophile.html
http://mysite.science.uottawa.ca/khattori/

Yours,

Paul H.

Spherulites From Chicxulub Impact Found in Columbia

Spherulites From Chicxulub Impact Found in Columbia

Remains of Meteorite That Killed Dinosaurs Found in Colombia,
Latin America Times Herald, March 16, 2016
http://www.laht.com/article.asp?ArticleId=2407852&CategoryId=13936

Fragments of Dinosaur-Killer Meteorite Landed in Colombia,
The Costa Rica Star, March 15, 2016
http://news.co.cr/fragments-of-dinosaur-killer-meteorite-landed-in-colombia/45582/

First South American trace of meteorite that killed dinosaurs found in
Colombia, News Latino, March 16, 2016
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/lifestyle/2016/03/16/first-south-american-vestige-meteorite-that-killed-dinosaurs-found-in-colombia/

Hallan en Colombia restos del meteorito que hizo extinguir a los
dinosaurios . El equipo científico estuvo liderado por el geólogo
Hermann Bermúdez que hizo la investigación en la isla de Gorgonilla,
en el Pacífico, Pulzo, March 15, 2016
http://www.pulzo.com/vivir-bien/10-dilemas-que-tienen-todas-las-mujeres-en-cualquier-momento/PP5556?from=home-nacion

Remains of mystery meteorite found in Colombia by Latin Correspondent
http://latincorrespondent.com/2016/03/remains-of-mystery-meteorite-found-in-colombia/

Yours,
Paul H.

Saturday, 19 March 2016

New Paper In Southeastern Geology About Carolina Bays

New Paper In Southeastern Geology About Carolina Bays

The paper is:

Moore, C. R., M. J. Brooks, D. J. Mallinson, P. R. Parham, A. H. Ivetser,
J. K. Feathers, 2016, The Quaternary evolution of Herdon Bay, a
Carolina Bay on the coastal plain of of North Carolina (USA): Implications
for paleoclimate and oriented lake genesis. Southeastern Geology.
vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 145-171. (March 2016)

They found that LiDAR images showed that Herdon Bay, a Carolina Bay
exhibited a regressive sequence of sand rims that partially backfill the
the older portions of this bay. These rims and subsurface data provided
evidence for the episodic migration of this bay by more than 600 meters
to the northwest. Single grain optically stimulated luminescence (OSL)
age estimates indicate that the oldest rim formed about 36.7 +/- 4.1 ka
and the youngest rim formed around 29.6 +/- 3.1 to 27.2 +/- 2.8 ka.
They interpreted these dates as indicating the rim construction and bay
migration was coincident with Marine Isotope Stage 3 through early
Marine Isotope Stage, which was a time of rapid oscillations in climate.

The PDF file of this paper can be found at either https://goo.gl/7hbsfs
or
https://www.academia.edu/23377396/THE_QUATERNARY_EVOLUTION_OF_HERNDON_BAY_A_CAROLINA_BAY_ON_THE_COASTAL_PLAIN_OF_NORTH_CAROLINA_USA_IMPLICATIONS_FOR_PALEOCLIMATE_AND_ORIENTED_LAKE_GENESIS

A poster can be found at either https://goo.gl/h0S9ge or
https://www.academia.edu/6804154/Rapid_Scour_Sand_Rim_Construction_and_Basin_Migration_of_a_Carolina_Bay_in_Southeastern_North_Carolina

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 16 March 2016

Fairy Circles Found in Western Australia And Eelgrass Fairy Rings Found in Baltic Sea

Fairy Circles Found in Western Australia And Eelgrass Fairy Rings Found in Baltic Sea

Some examples of self-organizing features that create natural circles.

Fairy circles found in Australian outback March 15, 2016
by Bob Yirka, Helmholtz Centre For Environmental Research
https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=36336&webc_pm=11/2016 ,
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160315090116.htm , and
http://phys.org/news/2016-03-fairy-circles-australian-outback.html

Dragons, aliens, bugs? Scientists may have solved the mystery
of the desert’s ‘fairy circles’ by Sarah Kaplan, Washington
Post, March 15, 2016
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2016/03/15/dragons-aliens-bugs-scientists-may-have-solved-the-mystery-of-the-deserts-fairy-circles/

Once thought to exist only in Namibia, circles spotted 6,200
miles away are helping sort out how these odd features form,
Smithsonian
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/mysterious-fairy-circles-have-been-found-western-australia-180958407/

The paper is:

Getzin, S., H. Yizhaq, B. Bell, T. E. Erickson, A. C. Postle, I. Katra,
O. Tzuk, Y. R. Zelnik, K. Wiegand, T. Wiegand, and E. Meron,
2016, Discovery of fairy circles in Australia supports self-
organization theory. Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences, March 2016; 201522130 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1522130113
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/03/09/1522130113

Another paper is:

Getzin, S., K. Wiegand, T. Wiegand1, H. Yizhaq, J. von Hardenberg,
and E. Meron. 2015, Adopting a spatially explicit perspective to
study the mysterious fairy circles of Namibia. Ecography.
vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–11.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecog.00911/abstract

Also, there is:

Mysterious ocean circles off the Baltic coast explained,
University of Southern Denmark, January 30, 2014
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140130102040.htm

The paper is:

Borum, J. Ane L. Raun, H. Hasler-Sheetal, M. O. Pedersen,
O. Pedersen, and M. Holmer, 2013, Eelgrass fairy rings: sulfide as
inhibiting agent. Marine Biology. vol. 161, No. 2, pp. 351-358.
351 DOI: 10.1007/s00227-013-2340-3
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00227-013-2340-3

PDF file at:
http://www.bio-web.dk/ole_pedersen/pdf/Marine%20Biology%202014%20(Eegrass%20fairy%20rings).pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 7 March 2016

ECORD to Drill Chicxulub K-Pg Impact Crater

ECORD to Drill Chicxulub K-Pg Impact Crater

Scientists to drill at site of dinosaur-killing asteroid crater
by Jareen Imam, CNN, March 4, 2o16
http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/04/world/scientists-drill-impact-crater-irpt/index.htm

Some links:-
Expedition 364 - Chicxulub K-Pg Impact Crater
http://www.eso.ecord.org/expeditions/364/364.php

IODP Proposal 548-Full3 -
http://www.eso.ecord.org/docs/364/548-Full3_Morgan.pdf

Addendum 548-Add4 -
http://www.eso.ecord.org/docs/364/548-Add4_Morgan.pdf

Morgan, J., and S. Gulick, 2012, Highlights of IODP
Proposal Chicxulub: Drilling the K-Pg Impact Crater
(IODP #548). ECORD Newsletter # 19 - October 2012.
http://www.ecord.org/pub/Chicxulub-IODP-NL19.pdf

Yours

Paul H.