Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2018 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Saturday, 2 November 2019

Nannodiamond plant microfossils created by extraterrestrial impact (open access paper)

Nannodiamond plant microfossils created by extraterrestrial impact (open access paper)

Shumilova, T.G., Ulyashev, V.V., Kazakov, V.A., Isaenko, S.I., Svetov,S.A., Chazhengina, S.Y., Kovalchuk, N.S., Karite – diamond fossil: a new type of natural diamond,Geoscience Frontiers, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2019.09.011.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674987119301768

Off topic, counter septarian structure, a great pseudoartifact.

We can't figure this one out By PRK, November 19, 2016
in Fossil ID, Fossil Forum
http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/70152-we-cant-figger-this-one-out-solved-counter-septarian-structures/

Counter septarian structure, Doctor Mud, Posted November 26, 2016
Page 4, Fossil Forum
http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/70152-we-cant-figger-this-one-out-solved-counter-septarian-structures/&page=4&tab=comments#comment

http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/70152-we-cant-figger-this-one-out-solved-counter-septarian-structures/&page=4&tab=comments#comment-737744

Seilacher, A., 2001. Concretion morphologies reflecting diagenetic and epigenetic pathways. Sedimentary Geology, 143(1-2), pp.41-57.

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 24 October 2019

Chicxulub impact acidified the ocean instantly

Chicxulub impact acidified the ocean instantly

The Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Acidified the Ocean in a Flash
The Chicxulub event was as damaging to life in the oceans as it was to creatures on land, a study shows. New York Times
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/21/science/chicxulub-asteroid-ocean-acid.html

Tiny shell fossils reveal how ocean acidification can cause mass extinction By Julie Zaugg, CNN, October 22, 2019
https://www.cnn.com/2019/10/22/europe/ocean-acidification-asteroid-intl-hnk-scn/index.html

New study underpins the idea of a sudden impact killing off dinosaurs and much of the other life, GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre October 22, 2019
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191022080721.htm

The open access paper is:

Michael J. Henehan, Andy Ridgwell, Ellen Thomas, Shuang Zhang, Laia Alegret, Daniela N. Schmidt, James W. B. Rae, James D. Witts, Neil H. Landman, Sarah E. Greene, Brian T. Huber, James R. Super, Noah J. Planavsky, Pincelli M. Hull,
2019, Rapid ocean acidification and protracted Earth system recovery followed the end-Cretaceous Chicxulub ??impact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Oct 2019, 201905989; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1905989116
https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/10/15/1905989116

Yours,

Paul H.

Younger Dryas platinum anomaly reported from South Carolina - Open Access paper

Younger Dryas platinum anomaly reported from South Carolina - Open Access paper

New evidence that an extraterrestrial collision 12,800 years ago triggered an abrupt climate
change for Earth, the Conversation, October 22, 2019
https://theconversation.com/new-evidence-that-an-extraterrestrial-collision-12-800-years-ago-triggered-an-abrupt-climate-change-for-earth-118244

the open access paper is:

Moore, C.R., M.J. Brooks, A.C. Goodyear, T.A. Ferguson, A.G. Perrotti, S. Mitra, A. Listecki,
B. King, D.J. Mallinson, C.S. Lane, B. Shapiro, J. Knapp, A. West, D.L. Carlson, W. Wolbach,
T.R. Them, S.M. Harris, and S. Pyne-O???Donnell.

2019. Sediment Cores from White Pond, South Carolina, contain a platinum anomaly,
pyrogenic carbon peak, and coprophilous spore decline at 12.8 ka. Scientific Reports
volume 9, Article number: 15121 (2019)
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-51552-8

Regardless of how the platinum anomaly is interpreted, White Pond, a Carolina Bay predates
it and the Younger Dryas. Thus, the above paper further supports the idea that the Carolina Bays are not connected to Younger Dryas event as concluded by:

Schaetzl, R.J., Sauck, W., Heinrich, P.V., Colgan, P.M. and Holliday, V.T., 2019. Commentary on Klokocnik, J., Kostelecky, and Bezdek, A. 2019. The putative Saginaw impact structure, Michigan, Lake Huron, in the light of gravity aspects derived from recent EIGEN 6C4 gravity field model. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45: 1220.

A related paper is:

Krause, T.R., Russell, J.M., Zhang, R., Williams, J.W. and Jackson, S.T., 2019. Late Quaternary vegetation, climate, and fire history of the Southeast Atlantic Coastal Plain based on a 30,000-yr multi-proxy record from White Pond, South Carolina, USA. Quaternary Research, 91(2), pp.861-880.
Vancouver

Yours

Paul H.

Wednesday, 16 October 2019

Venus May Not Have Once Been As Earth-like As Scientists Thought

Venus May Not Have Once Been As Earth-like As Scientists Thought

Venus May Not Have Been As Earth-like As Scientists Thought
By Elizabeth Howell, SpaceCom, October 14, 2109
https://www.space.com/venus-not-so-earthlike-after-all.html

The papers are:

Wroblewski, F.W., Treiman, A.H., Bhiravarasu, S.S. and Gregg,
T.K.P., 2019, March. Ovda Fluctus, the Festoon Lava Flow on
Ovda Regio, Venus: Most Likely Basalt. In Lunar and Planetary
Science Conference (Vol. 50).
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2019/pdf/1699.pdf

Wroblewski, F.B., Treiman, A.H., Bhiravarasu, S. and Gregg, T.K.,
2019. Ovda Fluctus, the Festoon Lava Flow on Ovda Regio,
Venus: Not Silica???Rich. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets,
124(8), pp.2233-2245.
https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019JE006039

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 12 October 2019

The last mammoths were not killed by an extraterrestrial impact

The last mammoths were not killed by an extraterrestrial impact.

How the Last Woolly Mammoths Met Their Demise on a Remote Arctic Island
George Dvorsky, GIZMODO
https://gizmodo.com/how-the-last-woolly-mammoths-met-their-demise-on-a-remo-1838848130

the paper is:

Arppe, L., Karhu, J.A., Vartanyan, S., Drucker, D.G., Etu-Sihvola, H. and Bocherens, H., 2019. Thriving or surviving? The isotopic record of the Wrangel Island woolly mammoth population. Quaternary
Science Reviews, 222, no. 105884.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379119301398\\

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 4 October 2019

Evaluation of Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum impact trigger hypothesis

Evaluation of Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum impact trigger hypothesis

Galinkin, R.A., 2019. Evaluating the impact trigger hypothesis for the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum,
MS thesis, Rutgers University-School of Graduate Studies.
https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/60679/

https://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/rutgers-lib/60679/PDF/1/play/

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 1 October 2019

Meteorite found while looking for gold?

Meteorite found while looking for gold?

Man thinks he found gold; he actually found a rare meteorite By Emma Reed, September 24, 2019
https://www.science101.com/man-thinks-found-gold-rare-meteorite/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 28 September 2019

Edscottite Found in Meteorite

Edscottite Found in Meteorite

Extraterrestrial Mineral Never Before Seen on Earth Found Inside a Famous Meteorite
By Yasemin Saplakoglu, Live Science
https://www.livescience.com/new-extraterrestrial-mineral-edscottite-meteorite.html

Scientists Confirm The Discovery of a Mineral Never Before Seen in Nature. Science Alert
https://www.sciencealert.com/mineral-never-seen-in-nature-found-buried-in-heart-of-mysterious-meteorite

This meteorite came from the core of another planet. Inside it, a new mineral By Liam Mannix, The Age
https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/this-meteorite-came-from-the-core-of-another-planet-inside-it-a-new-mineral-20190830-p52mhg.html

The paper is:

Ma, C. and Rubin, A.E., 2019. Edscottite, Fe5C2, a new iron carbide mineral from the Ni-rich
Wedderburn IAB iron meteorite. American Mineralogist, 104(9), pp.1351-1355.
https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ammin.2019.104.issue-9/am-2019-7102/am-2019-7102.xml

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/msa/ammin/article/104/9/1351/573345/edscottite-fe5c2-a-new-iron-carbide-mineral-from

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 9 September 2019

Meteorite Hunting in China

Meteorite Hunting in China

China's meteorite hunters: Adventurers hoping to get rich from rocks Man travels world to search for fragments, Nanlin Fang, CNN Sep 07, 2019
https://www.koamnewsnow.com/lifestyle/chinas-meteorite-hunters-adventurers-hoping-to-get-rich-from-rocks/1118315685

China's meteorite hunters: The adventurers hoping to get rich from rocks Meet Zhang Bo, who travels to far-flung locations armed with a metal detector, hoping he'll stumble on a fallen meteorite. CNN, Sept. 7, 2019
https://www.cnn.com/style/article/china-meteorite-hunters-intl-hnk-scn/index.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 7 September 2019

Meteorite shows evidence of ancient volcanism on a long-gone protoplanet

Meteorite shows evidence of ancient volcanism on a long-gone protoplanet

A meteorite older than Earth shows evidence of ancient volcanism on a long-gone protoplanet, Phil Plait, SYFY WIRE
https://www.syfy.com/syfywire/a-meteorite-older-than-earth-shows-evidence-of-ancient-volcanism-on-a-long-gone-protoplanet

Oldest-ever igneous meteorite contains clues to planet building blocks. University of Arizona, August 2, 2018
https://asunow.asu.edu/20180802-oldest-ever-igneous-meteorite-contains-clues-planet-building-blocks

Taylor, G.J., 2018. The Oldest Volcanic Meteorite: A Silica-Rich Lava on a Geologically Complex Planetesimal. Planetary Science Research Discoveries Report, Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/Aug18/PSRD-oldest-volcanic-meteorite.pdf

Some papers are:

Hoffmann, V.H., Wimmer, K., Hochleitner, R. and Kaliwoda, M., 2018, March. Northwest Africa (NWA) 11119---Probing an Unknown Early Planetary Body?. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 49).
https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2018/pdf/2468.pdf

Srinivasan, P., Dunlap, D.R., Agee, C.B., Wadhwa, M., Coleff, D., Ziegler, K., Zeigler, R. and McCubbin, F.M., 2018. Silica-rich volcanism in the early solar system dated at 4.565 Ga. Nature communications, 9(1), p.30-36. Open Access
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05501-0

Yours,

Paul H.

Monday, 12 August 2019

Libyan Desert Glass associated with shocked quartz (Open Access paper)

Libyan Desert Glass associated with shocked quartz (Open Access paper)

Koeberl, C. and Ferri??re, L., 2019. Libyan Desert Glass area in western Egypt: Shocked quartz in bedrock points to a possible deeply eroded impact structure in the region.
Meteoritics & Planetary Science. (Open Access paper)
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/maps.13250

" We interpret these observations to indicate that there was a physical impact event, not just an airburst, and that the crater has been almost completely eroded since its formation."

Yours,

Paul H.

Sunday, 4 August 2019

Peer review as the ‘gold standard’?

Peer review as the ‘gold standard’?

Why we shouldn't take peer review as the "gold standard"
It's too easy for bad actors to exploit the process and mislead the public
By Paul D. Thacker and Jon Tennant, Washington Post, August 1, 2019
https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/why-we-shouldnt-take-peer-review-as-the-gold-standard/2019/08/01/fd90749a-b229-11e9-8949-5f36ff92706e_story.html

The Radical Transformation of the Textbook
Brian Barrett, Wired, august 4, 2019
https://www.wired.com/story/digital-textbooks-radical-transformation/

Yours,

Paul H.

Thursday, 18 April 2019

Saturday, 9 June 2018

Public wants NASA to Monitor Asteroids/objects that Could hit the Earth

Public wants NASA to Monitor Asteroids/objects that Could hit the Earth

NASA’s priorities appear to be out of whack with what the public wants
"The public thinks that we should have a space program that saves Earth."
https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/06/nasas-priorities-appear-to-be-out-of-whack-with-what-the-public-wants/

One of the highest public support for NASA priorities is:
"..."monitor asteroids/objects that could hit the Earth" (62 percent)."
Majority of Americans Believe It Is Essential That the U.S. Remain
a Global Leader in Space Despite the increasing role of private
companies in space exploration, most believe NASA’s role is still
vital for future, Pew Research Center, June 6, 2018
http://www.pewinternet.org/2018/06/06/majority-of-americans-believe-it-is-essential-that-the-u-s-remain-a-global-leader-in-space/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 2 June 2018

Aliens Are Real, But Humans Will Probably Kill Them All

Aliens Are Real, But Humans Will Probably Kill Them All

Yet another paper about extraterrestrial intelligence and
the Fermi paradox. It is interesting to see that the lack of
solid evidence does not inhibit writing about a subject.

Aliens Are Real, But Humans Will Probably Kill Them All, New Paper Says
By Brandon Specktor, Live Science, June 1, 2018
https://www.livescience.com/62715-first-in-last-out-fermi-paradox-answer.html


"First in, last out" solution to the Fermi Paradox Alexander Berezin
(Submitted on 20 Mar 2018 (v1), last revised 27 Mar 2018 (this version, v2)
https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.08425

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1803.08425.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

Beware of Predatory Journals

Beware of Predatory Journals

I get two to four invitations a month from such dodgy journals.
They are titled as to either mimic real scientific journals or sound
like legitimate publications.

Thirteen ways to spot a ‘predatory journal’ (and why we
shouldn’t call them that) Larissa Shamseer and David
Moher have taken a close look at what it is that sets
dodgy journals apart from the rest, March 27, 2017
https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/thirteen-ways-to-spot-a-predatory-journal-and-why-we-shouldnt-call-them-that

Rise in 'predatory publishers' has sparked a warning for
scientists and researchers By Chris McLoughlin, ABC News,
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-13/rise-in-predatory-publishers-sparks-warning-for-researchers/9640950

Allen, M., 2018. Beware the Predatory Journal: It’s Not Just Fieldwork
That is Dangerous. SAA Archaeological Record. 18(3) pp. 6-9.
http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/Publications/thesaaarchrec/SAA_Record_May_2018%20FINAL%20WEB%205.10.18.pdf
http://onlinedigeditions.com/publication/?i=496953&view=contentsBrowser#{"issue_id":496953,"view":"contentsBrowser"}

Johal, J., Ward, R., Gielecki, J., Walocha, J., Natsis, K., Tubbs, R.S. and
Loukas, M., 2017. Beware of the predatory science journal: a potential
threat to the integrity of medical research. Clinical Anatomy. 30(6)
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316992936_Beware_of_the_Predatory_Science_Journal_A_Potential_Threat_to_the_Integrity_of_Medical_Research

Beware! Academics are getting reeled in by scam journals
The number of predatory publishers is skyrocketing – and they’re
eager to pounce on unsuspecting scholars.
By Alex Gillis, University Affairs, January 17, 2017
https://www.universityaffairs.ca/features/feature-article/beware-academics-getting-reeled-scam-journals/

Yours,

Paul H.

Saturday, 26 May 2018

Martian meteorite clarifies origin of Martian geomorphology

Martian meteorite clarifies origin of Martian geomorphology

Ancient meteorite tells tales of Mars topography
by Anne M Stark, Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory, May 24, 2018
https://phys.org/news/2018-05-ancient-meteorite-tales-mars-topography.html

'Black Beauty' Meteorite Study Reveals the Secrets
of Mars' Strange Topography by Andrew LaSane,
Outer Places, May 24, 2018
https://www.outerplaces.com/science/item/18499-black-beauty-meteorite-mars


The open access paper is:

William S. Cassata, Benjamin E. Cohen, Darren F. Mark,
Reto Trappitsch, Carolyn A. Crow, and others, 2018,
Science Advances 23 May 2018: Vol. 4, no. 5, eaap8306
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aap8306
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/5/eaap8306

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 25 May 2018

Ground-Dwelling Birds Survived End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction

Ground-Dwelling Birds Survived End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction

When the dinosaurs died, so did forests -- and tree-dwelling birds
Chicago Field Museum, May 24, 2018
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180524141736.htm

http://www.hastingstribune.com/asteroid-that-wiped-out-the-dinosaurs-also-shaped-the-evolution/article_001faecc-7f3f-588c-b23d-535d0d2b057b.html

The abstract of the paper is at:

Daniel J. Field, Antoine Bercovici, Jacob S. Berv, Regan Dunn,
David E. Fastovsky, Tyler R. Lyson, Vivi Vajda, and Jacques A.
Gauthier, 2018, Early Evolution of Modern Birds Structured
by Global Forest Collapse at the End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction.
Current Biology, 2018; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.04.062
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982218305347?via%3Dihub


Related articles are:

Asteroid Impact That Wiped Out The Dinosaurs
Also Caused Abrupt Global Warming, All Things Considered
https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/24/614105843/asteroid-impact-that-wipedout-the-dinosaurs-also-caused-abrupt-global-warming

Humanity's greatest challenge to save the world from catastrophic
asteroid impacts, By Megan Palin New Zealand Herald,
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=12041405

Yours,

Paul H.

"The past is never dead. It's not even past."
William Faulkner, Act 1, Scene III, Requiem for a Nun (1951)

Wednesday, 23 May 2018

OT - Watch Live as Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupts lava

OT - Watch Live as Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupts lava

Although this is off-topic, I found it quite fascinating.
CBC - Watch Live as Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupts lava
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvS20fqTu34

Live Video: Kilauea Lava Flow Activity In Lower Puna Hawaii
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtihmXFWqGo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFZ3OPnXm9o

CNN
https://www.cnn.com/specials/live-video-1

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 18 May 2018

Online Sudbury Impact Structure Publications

Online Sudbury Impact Structure Publications

A couple of publications about the Sudbury
Impact Structure that I found online are:

Anders, Denise, 2016, "The Sudbury Impact Structure -
New Insights Into the Origin and Emplacement
of the Basal Onaping Intrusion and the Parkin,
Trill and Foy Offset Dykes of the North Range"
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation
Repository. 4223. https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/4223

Davidson, A., 1997. New developments in Grenville
Front Geology, Sudbury area, Ontario. Institute on
Lake Superior Geology, Field Trip Guidebook, 43 (part 3).
Geological Survey of Canada contribution no. 1997031
http://flash.lakeheadu.ca/~pnhollin/ILSGVolumes/ILSG_43_1997_pt3_Sudbury.CV.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.