Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2018 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.

Tuesday, 28 December 2010

NASA finds extra-terrestrial amino-acids in Sudan meteorites

 NASA finds extra-terrestrial amino-acids in Sudan meteorites

Life Ingredients Found in Superhot Meteorites
National Geographic by Andrew Fazekas, Dec. 20, 2010‎

NASA discovers amino acids on an 'impossible' meteorite by Mark Brown, Dec. 22, 2010‎

Meteorite Holds Amino Acid Surprise
Discovery News by Ron Cowen, Dec. 21, 2010‎

The paper is:

Glavin, D. P., A. D. Aubrey, M. P.  Callanhan, J.P. Dworkin, 
J. E. Elsila, E. T. Parker, J. L. Bada, P. Jenniskens, and 
M. H. Shaddad, 2010, JOURNAL TOOLS Extraterrestrial 
amino acids in the Almahata Sitta meteorite. Article first
published online: 13 DEC 2010
DOI: 10.1111/j.1945-5100.2010.01094.x

The paper is in "Special Issue: 2008 TC3 and Almahata Sitta" 
of Meteoritics & Planetary Science. The table of contents is at: 

Happy Holidays,

Paul H.

Sunday, 26 December 2010

How the world bounced back from Permian-Triassic Extinctions

How the world bounced back: Massive haul of 
20,000 ancient fossils in China shows new life 
after biggest mass extinction of all time by Niall
Firth, Mail Online, Dec. 22, 2010. 

New fossil site in China shows long recovery of life 
from the largest extinction in Earth’s history. press
release, University of Bristol, United Kingdom 

Cache in Chinese Mountain Reveals 20,000 Prehistoric 
Fossils by Charles Q. Choi, LiveScience, Dec. 21, 2010

and Science Daily

The paper is:

Hu, S.-X., Q.-Y. Zhang, Z.-Q. Chen, C.-Y. Zhou, T. Lu,
T. Xie, W. Wen, J.-Y. Huang, and M. J. Benton, 2010,
The Luoping biota: exceptional preservation, and 
new evidence on the Triassic recovery from end-
Permian mass extinction. Proceedings of the Royal 
Society B (Biology)Published online before print 
December 23, 2010, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.2235

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year

Paul H.

Friday, 24 December 2010

Worldwide Readers of the E-Pistles of Paul 24DEC2010

Worldwide Readers of the E-Pistles of Paul 2010 A.D. (c) ClustrMaps 2010
(click on image to enlarge)

Current Country Totals

From 6 Apr 2010 to 18 Dec 2010

United States (US)2,417
Canada (CA)256
United Kingdom (GB)112
Japan (JP)96
Germany (DE)94
Austria (AT)68
Australia (AU)64
Indonesia (ID)51
Italy (IT)45
France (FR)41
Netherlands (NL)40
Serbia (RS)38
Poland (PL)28
India (IN)24
Russian Federation (RU)20
Brazil (BR)20
Belgium (BE)18
Chile (CL)17
Ireland (IE)17
Finland (FI)16
Romania (RO)16
Spain (ES)15
Sweden (SE)15
Taiwan (TW)15
Czech Republic (CZ)13
South Africa (ZA)13
Morocco (MA)11
Mexico (MX)11
Norway (NO)11
Hungary (HU)10
Switzerland (CH)10
Puerto Rico (PR)10
Malaysia (MY)10
Philippines (PH)8
Turkey (TR)8
Denmark (DK)8
Oman (OM)7
Slovakia (SK)7
New Zealand (NZ)7
Singapore (SG)7
Egypt (EG)6
Korea, Republic of (KR)6
Pakistan (PK)6
Saudi Arabia (SA)6
Europe (EU)6
Croatia (HR)6
Macedonia (MK)5
Estonia (EE)5
Iraq (IQ)5
Greece (GR)5
Portugal (PT)5
Argentina (AR)5
Venezuela (VE)5
Slovenia (SI)4
Colombia (CO)4
Latvia (LV)3
Iran, Islamic Republic of (IR)3
Thailand (TH)3
Kuwait (KW)3
Vietnam (VN)2
Israel (IL)2
Tanzania, United Republic of (TZ)2
Guatemala (GT)2
Uruguay (UY)2
Sudan (SD)2
Dominican Republic (DO)2
Costa Rica (CR)2
Sri Lanka (LK)2
United Arab Emirates (AE)2
Nigeria (NG)2
Bulgaria (BG)2
Benin (BJ)2
Peru (PE)1
Ecuador (EC)1
Netherlands Antilles (AN)1
French Polynesia (PF)1
Panama (PA)1
Ghana (GH)1
Senegal (SN)1
Montenegro (ME)1
Cameroon (CM)1
Georgia (GE)1
Malta (MT)1
Togo (TG)1
Belize (BZ)1
Moldova, Republic of (MD)1
Jersey (JE)1
Guam (GU)1
El Salvador (SV)1
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the (CD)1
Luxembourg (LU)1

Friday, 17 December 2010

Google Book Tool Tracks Cultural Change With Words

Google Book Tool Tracks Cultural Change With Words

by Dan Charles, All Things Considered, Dec. 16, 2010

Google Ngram Viewer provides searchable dataset of 
books. Los Angeles Times, December 16, 2010

New Google tool, free to public, reveals evolution of language
by Lisa M. Krieger, San Jose Mercury News, December 16, 2010

Culturomics webpage at

The Google Books Ngram Viewer is at

The Science paper is:

Michel, J.-B., Y. K. Shen, A. P. Aiden, A. Veres, M. K. Gray,
The Google Books Team, J. P.  Pickett, D. Hoiberg, D. Clancy,
P. Norvig, J. Orwant, S. Pinker, M. A. Nowak, and E. L.
Aiden, 2010, Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions
of Digitized Books. Published Online,  Science Express, Dec.
16, 2010, DOI: 10.1126/science.1199644,

1. I did an analysis of the word "meteorite." The frequency 
goes up and down within a restricted range between 
1880 and middle 1950s. Then, the frequency of its usage 
increases abruptly until it peaks about early 1960s. 
After this peak, it usage decreases until it hits a low about
middle 1990s. Then it usage rises again and peaks about 
2000 and drops again.

2. The phrase "impact crater has low usage until about 
the very late 1950s. Then its usage starts increasing
until about middle 1990s when its usage very abruptly
increases. Its usage peaks about 2000 to early 2000s
and starts dropping.

3. The word "Chicxulub" appears in the very early 1990s 
and its usage rises quite abruptly and peaks about 1999.
Then its usage drops during the 2000s.


Paul H.

Sunday, 12 December 2010

End of planet formation marked by giant impacts

End of planet formation marked by giant impacts

by Dr. Emily Baldwin, Astronomy Now Online, December 10, 2010.

Cataclysmic Collisions Brought Gold to Earth, Dec. 9, 2010‎

Giant asteroids could have delivered bling to early Earth, December 9, 2010

New Insights Into Formation of Earth, the Moon, and Mars Science Daily, December 10, 2010

The paper is:
Bottke, W. F., R. J. Walker, J. M. D. Day, D. Nesvorny, and L. E. Tanton, 2010, Stochastic Late Accretion to Earth, the Moon, and Mars. Science. vol. 330, no. 6010, pp. 1527-1530.

A related article is:
Origin of Terrestrial Planets and-the Earth-Moon System

Paul H.

Thursday, 9 December 2010

Chiemgau Impact Hypothesis is Dead

Chiemgau Impact Hypothesis is Dead  Thursday, December 9, 2010 4:03 AM

Chiemgau Impact Hypothesis is Dead by Dr. Martin 
Rundkvist, Science Blogs, December 1, 2010

An earlier blog is:

Amateur Impact Hypothesis Makes It Into Major 
Archaeology Journal by Dr. Martin Rundkvist, 
Science Blogs, August 10, 2010


Paul H.

Review of “A Sumerian Observation of the Köfels Impact Event”

Review of “A Sumerian Observation of the Köfels Impact Event”

Review of “A Sumerian Observation of the Köfels Impact Event” 
by Jeff Medkeff and Martin Rundkvist, eSkeptic, February, 2010,


Paul H.